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What are the different types of learning styles?

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The term learning style accounts for the differences in the way individuals perceive and process information. David A. Kolb, an American Psychologist, identified four different learning styles:

Accommodator prefers concrete experience (feeling) and active experimentation (doing);

Diverger prefers concrete experience (feeling) and reflective observation (watching);

Assimilator prefers reflective observation (watching) and abstract conceptualization (thinking); and

Converger prefers abstract conceptualization (thinking) and active experimentation (doing).

Similarly, Honey and Mumford (British) developed a different instrument to assess learning styles. These are:

Activists are thrilled about new activity and experience, but bored with implementation and consolidation;

Reflectors are thoughtful and cautious individuals but usually taking a low profile in discussions and unwilling to leap to premature conclusions;

Theorists are logical thinkers that approach problems step by step but probably detached from real situations; and

Pragmatists put new ideas into practice but may jump to practical solutions to problems without lengthy conceptual underpinning.

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There are so many different learning styles and combinations of learning styles that it is difficult to make generalizations. However, for the sake of categorizing things, we can say that there are three major ones. The three most common are visual, auditory, and kinesthetic.

The visual learner learns best when they see the content of the material. For these people, a complete auditory lecture might be difficult to follow. However, they might be able to grasp difficult concepts if they are put in visual form. For these learners, things like powerpoint presentations might be very helpful.

The auditory learner learns best when they hear the content. For these learners, lectures would be the way to go. In many ways, our society awards this learning the most.

The kinesthetic learner processes material best when they use their hands. Things like physical projects might be the best way to go.

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