(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

It is a hot June evening in New York, and in front of an old brownstone walk-up apartment in a mean quarter of the city, residents are discussing the weather and the affairs of the day. Anna Maurrant and her lover, Sankey, a collector for the milk company, are the subjects of the gossip of a small group of residents. They are shocked at Anna’s behavior—after all, she has a grown daughter. One neighbor reports that Sankey was there twice this week while Anna’s husband and their daughter, Rose, were away.

The gossip ceases with the appearance of Anna and the arrival of her husband. Frank Maurrant is irritated that Rose is not yet at home and that her whereabouts are a mystery. He tells Anna that he will have to be out of town the next day; as a stagehand, he is working on a show that is opening outside New York. After the Maurrants leave, the janitor of the building quietly predicts that Frank will someday kill Sankey.

A short time later, Sam Kaplan appears. The arguments and trivial talk that pass among the occupants of the tenement bore him. A twenty-year-old college student, he is depressed over his current situation. He feels trapped by his environment, although Abe, his father, seems content with life in the tenement, reading his newspapers, criticizing the government, longing for a social revolution, and arguing politics with anyone interested. Sam will be happy to leave the tenement atmosphere at the first opportunity.

After the street clears, Rose finally arrives, escorted by Harry Easter, manager of the real estate office where she works. Easter wants to set Rose up in an apartment and take her away from her twenty-five-dollar-a-week job, but Rose refuses his offer. Easter is married, in the first place, and she is not really very fond of him. Besides, she realizes that there will be strings attached to his proposal. Easter leaves at the arrival of Frank, who lectures his daughter on her late hours. Frank, ironically enough, speaks up for family happiness, security, and proper behavior. Sam comes out and sympathizes with Rose, who knows of her mother’s situation. Sam feels that neither of them belongs in this sordid atmosphere. He is even more crushed when he tries unsuccessfully to defend Rose from an amorous taxi driver who passes...

(The entire section is 934 words.)