Summary

(Masterpieces of American Literature)

Strangers on a Train was Highsmith’s first published work, written primarily while living at the Yaddo Artists’ Colony. This novel introduces key themes in Highsmith’s canon: duality, performativity, and alienation in postwar America.

The novel opens with Guy Haines traveling by train to grant his unfaithful wife, Miriam, a divorce. Guy sits near Charles Bruno, a wealthy and crass man who strikes up a conversation and invites Guy to dine in his private car. Guy is unsettled by Bruno, who manages to draw out both the story of Miriam’s betrayals and Guy’s reason for traveling. Bruno likens Guy’s wife to his father, arguing that both typify the corruption of America. After so doing, Bruno proposes they swap murders—Bruno could murder Miriam, and then Guy could murder Bruno’s father. Guy, ever socially conscious, thinks Bruno is joking, laughs, and leaves, assuming the two of them will never meet again. The conversation characterizes Guy and Bruno as seeming opposites: whereas Guy is refined, soft-spoken, intellectual, and industrious, Bruno is coarse, verbally explosive, juvenile, and lazy.

Guy fails to get the divorce because Miriam decides she would rather benefit from his new financial and social success as an architect. Bruno learns of Miriam’s newest betrayal and decides to act, feeling he has a “purpose” for the first time in his life. In a plan ripped from a pulp-fiction plot, Bruno travels to Texas, follows Miriam, and strangles her. Pleased with his perfect execution, he returns home and waits for the right time to contact Guy for phase two.

Guy’s reaction to Miriam’s murder illustrates the alienation caused by...

(The entire section is 692 words.)

Summary

(Masterpieces of American Fiction)

Strangers on a Train is a psychological thriller. The novel’s events take place over several months and seem to occur during the period of its composition in the 1940’s. The story opens with Guy Haines, a young architect, traveling on a train from his home in New York City to meet his wife Miriam, who lives in Texas. They have been separated for three years, and Miriam is pregnant by another man. The negative emotions stirred in Guy when he thinks about her are countered by thoughts of the woman he now loves, Anne Faulkner, and by the hope Miriam will grant him a divorce. Guy is also hopeful he will soon hear he has been chosen to design a prestigious country club in Florida, a project that could make his name in his profession.

During the train ride, a stranger, Charles Bruno, engages Guy in conversation. Bruno, who lives with his parents on Long Island, New York, is devoted to his mother and hates his wealthy father. Sensing that Miriam could create trouble for Guy about the divorce and in his professional life, Bruno proposes that he and Guy exchange murders: Bruno will kill Miriam if Guy will kill Bruno’s father. Each man would be able to arrange an alibi, and as they have met by chance, no one would be able to connect them to each other. Guy is sickened by the proposal and rejects it.

Eventually, however, the exchange of murders takes place. Learning that Guy is in Mexico, and without consulting him, Bruno goes to Texas and strangles...

(The entire section is 604 words.)