The Story of an Hour Summary
“The Story of an Hour” is a short story by Kate Chopin that details the emotional journey of Louise Mallard after she learns that her husband has died.
- After learning that her husband, Brently, has died in a train crash, Louise is overcome with grief.
- After retiring to her room alone, Louise’s grief transforms into joy, as she realizes that Brently’s death will free her from her repressive marriage.
- An overjoyed Louise exits her room. Upon seeing her husband returning home, having been nowhere near the accident, she dies of a heart attack.
“The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin was published in Vogue magazine in 1894. It details the reaction of Louise Mallard, who suffers from a heart condition, to the news of the supposed death of her husband, Brently, in a railroad accident. Though Louise is at first stricken with grief, she soon realizes that Brently’s death means that she is finally free from the expectations of a traditional marriage, and she is filled with a sudden hope for her future. However, in a twist of situational irony, Brently is revealed to be alive, and Louise dies from the shock of seeing him.
1890 saw the women’s suffrage movement gaining traction, but traditional Victorian social mores still insisted that the ideal woman was a self-sacrificing wife and mother. Chopin’s story rejects convention and instead portrays Brently’s death as a moment of emancipation for Louise, suggesting that the Victorian model of marriage is a repressive institution that prevents women from achieving self-actualization. This was a controversial view at the time the story was written, and “The Story of an Hour” was rejected by several magazines, including The Century and Vogue. It was only after Chopin found success in other writing endeavors that Vogue agreed to publish the story. It has since become one of Chopin’s most well-known works, though it remained controversial long past its initial publication.
After Brently Mallard is reported to have died in a railway accident, the news must be delivered to his wife, Louise. Louise has a heart condition, and those around her worry that the news of Brently’s death will impact her delicate health. Brently’s friend Richards, who first received the news of Brently’s death via telegraph, and Louise’s sister Josephine attempt to break the news gently. Louise immediately begins weeping and throws herself into her sister’s arms.
After “the storm of grief” ends, Louise retires to her room and asks to be left alone. She sits in an armchair by an open window, exhausted. As she looks outside, she notices that the trees are flowering with new life and hears the echoes of someone singing in the distance.
Louise is described as young and fair, with a face that suggests she possesses a “certain strength.” However, as she sits and stares out the window, her mind is completely blank. She is waiting for something, but she isn’t sure what it is. Slowly, she realizes that her husband’s death has rendered her free. Louise attempts...
(The entire section is 688 words.)