History of the Text
Publication History: “The Story of an Hour” was first published as “The Dream of an Hour” in Vogue magazine on December 6, 1894; Chopin had completed writing it on April 19 of the same year. Often anthologized, and described as one of Chopin’s best short stories, critics heralded “The Story of an Hour” as “one of feminism’s sacred texts” when her work gained popularity during the 1970s. The story was adapted into a 1984 film, The Joy that Kills, broadcast by PBS; it was also adapted into a 2009 graphic short story by cartoonist Gabrielle Bell titled “One Afternoon.”
- Kate Chopin, Early Feminist: Born in 1850 in St. Louis, Missouri, Kate Chopin was brought up in the French-American cultural tradition that had developed along the Mississippi River. When she was five years old, Chopin’s father was killed in a railroad accident, and at thirty-two, her husband died of malaria. Though she and her husband had lived and raised their family in New Orleans, Chopin returned to St. Louis after his death and embarked on her writing career. Chopin wrote nearly one hundred short stories and two novels. Her writing usually features intelligent women who chafe against society’s conservative expectations.
- Editorial Variations: Chopin’s story was initially entitled “The Dream of an Hour,” and it was re-published under that same title in St. Louis Life on January 5, 1895, with minor grammatical changes. Most notably, the addition of the word “her” was added into the following line: “There would be no one to live for her during those coming years; she would live for herself.” It is unclear whether these edits were made by Chopin herself or by the magazine’s editors. As recently as 1962, critics continued to refer to the story as “The Dream of an Hour,” but it appeared in...
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