Other Literary Forms

(Literary Essentials: Great Poems of the World)
0111207631-Mallarme.jpg Stéphane Mallarmé, center, with Édouard Manet, right, and an unidentified woman. (Library of Congress) Published by Salem Press, Inc.

Stéphane Mallarmé is known chiefly for his poetry. A selection from his numerous critical essays and reviews, including some important theoretical statements, was published in Divagations (1897). Following the example of Charles Baudelaire, Mallarmé translated Edgar Allan Poe. He also published an idiosyncratic introduction to English philology, Petite Philologie à l’usage des classes et du monde: Les Mots anglais (1878; little philology for classroom use and for society: English words). It should be noted that Mallarmé wrote a number of prose poems, treated by some critics as prose works. The best edition of Mallarmé’s poetry and essays is the Pléiade Œuvres complètes de Stéphane Mallarmé (1945), prepared by Henri Mondor and G. Jean-Aubry, although it is not a complete collection.