In Plato’s political works, he is mainly concerned with an analysis of the nature of the individual and of the state that is an appropriate reflection of the individual. Plato looked on the state as analogous to the individual, and he believed that the type of individual found in the state determined the sort of state it would be. In Politeia (middle period, 388-368 b.c.e.; Republic, 1701), he searches for justice in the state to discover the nature of justice in the person; and after he describes the ideal state and its ruler, he traces the state’s decline by pointing to the concomitant decline in the soul of the individual. In Nomoi (last period, 360-347 b.c.e.; Laws, 1804), he concentrates on the second-best state, a government of laws, not people, and works out the constitution applicable to it. In the Statesman, written most likely between the Republic and the Laws, Plato attacks the problem of defining the king who would rule in the best state, distinguishing him from sham rulers.