Sri Aurobindo Ghose

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Biography

Iyengar, K. R. Srinivasa. Sri Aurobindo: A Biography and a History. 4th ed. Pondicherry, India: Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education, 1985, 812 p.

The standard biography of Aurobindo, first published in 1945.

Mitra, Sisirkumar. Sri Aurobindo. New Delhi: Indian Book Co., 1972, 215 p.

A biography which relies heavily on Aurobindo's own words to reveal the facts of his life.

Criticism

Basu, Arabinda, ed. Sri Aurobindo: A Garland of Tributes. Pondicherry-2, India: Sri Aurobindo Research Academy, 1973, 252 p.

A collection of twenty-four articles-all of which deal with spiritual thought and many of which address specific components of Aurobindo's philosophy-written to commemorate the centenary of Aurobindo's birth.

Betty, L. Stafford. "Aurobindo's Concept of Lila and the Problem of Evil." International Philosophical Quarterly XVI, No. 3 (September 1976): 315-29.

Seeks a solution to the incompatibility between God and evil in Aurobindo's concept of the "Ananda [Brahman] of becoming," also referred to by Aurobindo as the Lila.

Bruteau, Beatrice. Worthy Is the World: The Hindu Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo. Rutherford, N. J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1971, 288 p.

Examines Aurobindo's life and a variety of concepts he discussed in his works, including Brahman, Maya, Mayavada, spiritual evolution, and the Supermind. Bruteau's work also contains a bibliography of Aurobindo's writings that provides original publication information.

Chaudhuri, Haridas. Sri Aurobindo: The Prophet of Life Divine. 2d ed. Pondicherry, India: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 1960, 224 p.

An introduction to the main principles of Aurobindo's philosophy and yoga designed for both Eastern and Western readers.

—."The Supermind in Sri Aurobindo's Philosophy." International Philosophical Quarterly XII, No. 2 (June 1972): 181-92.

An interpretation and evaluation of Aurobindo's concept of the Supermind as he developed it in The Life Divine.

Chubb, Jehangir N. "Sri Aurobindo as the Fulfillment of Hinduism." International Philosophical Quarterly XII, No. 2 (June 1972): 234-42.

States that Aurobindo's integral spiritual philosophy embodies the guiding principle of Hinduism, unity and wholeness, because it reconciles opposing systems of Hinduism and resolves the apparent contradiction between Matter and the Spirit.

Gandhi, Kishor. Social Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo and the New Age. Pondicherry, India: Sri Aurobindo Society, 1965, 274 p.

A three-part study of Aurobindo's spiritual and philosophical ideas. The first part provides an introduction to Aurobindo's social philosophy; the second part examines the role of yoga in Aurobindo's evolutionary theory; and the third part, in which Gandhi predicts the imminent advent of the new spiritual age, calls upon readers to follow Aurobindo's teachings.

Gokak, Padma Sri Vinayak Krishna. Sri Aurobindo: Seer and Poet. New Delhi: Abhinav Publications, 1973, 185 p.

An examination of the form and substance of Aurobindo's poetry that is largely devoted to Savitri.

Koller, John M. "Types of Society: The Social Thought of Sri Aurobindo." International Philosophical Quarterly XII, No. 2 (June 1972): 220-33.

Summarizes the five stages of historical development presented in The Human Cycle.

McDermott, Robert A., ed. Six Pillars: Introductions to the Major Works of Sri Aurobindo. Chambersburg, Penn.: Wilson Books, 1974, 198 p.

Essays by six different writers on six of Aurobindo's most important works: Savitri, The Foundations of Indian Culture, Essays on the Gita, On Yoga I, The Human Cycle, and The Life Divine.

Mishra, D. S. Poetry and Philosophy in Sri Aurobindo's "Savitri." New Delhi: Harman Publishing House, 1989, 131 P.

An in-depth study of numerous aspects of Savitri, including its symbolism, sources, leitmotifs, diction, style, and imagery.

Misra, Ram Shankar. The Integral Advaitism of Sri Aurobindo. Banaras Hindu University Dariana Series, edited by T. R. V. Murti, no. 2. Banaras, India: Banaras Hindu University, 1957, 410 p.

An analysis of Aurobindo's integral view of...

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reality in which Misra argues that Aurobindo's most important contribution to philosophy was his concept of "the logic of the infinite," a higher power of reason that he relied upon to reveal the compatibility of seemingly contradictory ideas, especially absolutism and evolutionism.

Nandakumar, Prema. A Study of "Savitri." Pondicherry, India: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 1962, 568 p.

A comprehensive analysis of Savitri in which Nandakumar approaches the poem from three different angles: Savitri on its own, Savitri in relation to Aurobindo's life and other works, and Savitri in relation to the world's greatest poetic epics, especially Dante's Divine Comedy.

Narasimhaiah, C. D. "Aurobindo: Inaugurator of Modem Indian Criticism, The Future Poetry." The Literary Criterion XV, No. 2 (1980): 12-31.

Highly praises Aurobindo as a literary critic on the basis of The Future Poetry.

Purani, A. B. Sri Aurobindo's "Life Divine": Lectures Delivered in the US.A. Pondicherry, India: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 1966, 282 p.

Fourteen essays on Aurobindo's philosophy and yoga derived from lectures Purani delivered during his American tour in 1962.

Reddy, V. Madhusudan. Sri Aurobindo's Philosophy of Evolution. Hyderabad-7, India: Institute of Human Study, 1966, 385 p.

A study of Aurobindo's theory of evolution in which Reddy presents him as the "Supramental Avatar."

Satprem. Sri Aurobindo or The Adventure of Consciousness. Translated by Luc Venet. New York: Institute for Evolutionary Research, 1984, 384 p.

Follows the changing levels of consciousness Aurobindo experienced through his system of yoga and urges readers to embrace his teachings so that they might discover the meaning of life and learn how to improve the world.

Sethna, K. D. The Vision and Work of Sri Aurobindo. Pondicherry-2, India: Mother India, 1968, 217 p.

Explores the role of Aurobindo's philosophy of integral yoga in the practical application of his spiritual ideas.

—. Sri Aurobindo-The Poet. Pondicherry, India: Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education, 1970, 472 p.

Focuses on the strictly artistic qualities of Aurobindo's poetry, as opposed to his thematic and philosophical concerns.

Singh, Karan. Prophet of Indian Nationalism: A Study of the Political Thought of Sri Aurobindo Ghosh, 1893-1910. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1963, 163 p.

Examines the historical and biographical circumstances that shaped Aurobindo's political theory and technique and that caused him to retire from active politics.

Varma, Vishwanath Prasad. The Political Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo. New York: Asia Publishing House, 1960, 471 p.

An explication and evaluation of Aurobindo's political ideas in which Varma employs a comparative methodology.

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Criticism