What is the main theme in Sonnet 130?

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The main theme in Sonnet 130 is the authentic expression of love, free from exaggerated flattery or hyperbole. The speaker describes his lover's features realistically, contrasting typical romanticized descriptions. The sonnet emphasizes that true love does not require false comparisons or lies, but appreciates the genuine qualities of the beloved. The speaker's love is portrayed as more genuine and pure as it does not rely on unrealistic comparisons.

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The main idea in most of Shakespeare's sonnets is presented by the final two lines, the rhyming couplet. Many sonnets take love as its subject and use hyperbole or metaphors that compare a woman's beauty to objects in unrealistic ways. Here, the speaker refuses to do that. Rather than...

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say that his lover's eyes shine like the sun, he says, "My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun" (line 1). Her lips are not red as coral, her skin is not white as snow. She does not have roses in her cheeks or heavenly breath. Although he "love[s] to hear her speak," he knows "That music hath a far more pleasing sound" (lines 9, 10). He cannot compare her, faithfully, to a goddess; she does not float. But in the final lines, the speaker says,

And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare
As any she belied with false compare.

In other words, he says, his love is special and unique, and he does not need to make false, flattering comparisons in order to retain her love or prove that his love is strong. The larger implication, I think, is that no real love needs to boast of itself in this way.

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I assume that you are talking about Shakespeare's Sonnet 130.  I will answer based on that, and I will move the question to that group.

The main theme of this is that his love for his "mistress" does not depend on telling lies about her or using hyperbole to describe her.  His love for her is more real than a love that needs to do those things.

Throughout the poem, the speaker uses fairly typical hyperbole that you see in love poems but then denies that those apply to his mistress (her eyes are nothing like the sun, for example).  By doing this, he is saying that his love is more pure than the kind of love that must be expressed in lies.

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What is the theme of sonnet 130?

This sonnet has a passionate and mysterious theme ' the dark lady!' Although the main theme is love, the fuller discussion rests on the idea of 'loving as a friend.' Many people will be familiar with the saying 'but we can still be friends.' But is this true? Can a physical love ever exist in special friendships without platonic love,and vice versa? In a relationship of 'true minds' only, will both halves of the couple be truly and completely happy? A poetry example from more modern times springs to mind - W.B. Yeats was sick with love for Maud Gonne for most of his life, yet she could see no reason for his unhappiness in settling for a close friendship where he shared the friendship with others. In this sonnet, in the end the question is whether the steamy affair that follows has spoilt the chance for an everlasting 'purer' love for ever.Another theme is the true value of metaphors for love in poetry and whether they can actually come close to what love is actually like (a rose, a summer's day, a sickness in various poems.) In some poems, the metaphors cannot do justice to the beloved, but this sonnet 130 is more down-to-earth as the poet appears to actually realise that 'my idol has feet of clay' as another writer puts it. The subject,although loved,has imperfections that the poet can see.

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What are the themes in Sonnet 130 by William Shakespeare?

"Sonnet 130" by William Shakespeare has  two themes: love for his mistress and admonition for those who need to compare things that are really incomparable. He gives the false comparisons and then tells what he really loves about this person.

How does the poet demonstrate these motifs?

His lover's eyes are different and not as bright as the sun

Her lips are not as red as coral

Snow is white, but her breasts are yellowish white

Her hair is black and wiry

She does not have a blush in her cheeks as roses do

Her breath stinks unlike sweet smelling perfume

Now---The poet loves to hear her voice but music has a more pleasing sound

My mistress  when she walks treads on the ground.

And yet, by heaven, I think my love is rare

As any she belied with false compare.

The lover is human and not a deity.

Despite these unlikely comparisons, the poet believes that his lover is unique and special.

He gives no credence to these comparisons.

The poem seems to be a poem making fun of love poems and the unnecessary comparison that are made in them...an anti-love poem.

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Please help me fully analyze Sonnet 130.

Key to understanding this excellent (and rather amusing) sonnet is understanding the way that Shakespeare uses it to ridicule the fashionable and rather over-the-top metaphors other contemporary poets were utilising to describe the women they wrote about. Shakespeare therefore pokes fun at such conceits and argues for a more realistic approach to describing his beloved.

This is why the poem consists in a large number of negatives and surprises the reader. For those expecting a conventional love poem, the way that the poet describes his beloved's lack of beauty comes as a bit of a shock:

My mistress' eyes are nothign like the sun,

Coral is far more red than her lips' red.

If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun,

If hairs be wires, black wires grown on her head.

And yet, in spite of this, the tone changes in lines 9 and 13-14 when the speaker assures us that he loves his beloved in spite of, and perhaps because of, these imperfections:

And yet, by Heaven, I think my love as rare

As any she belied with false compare.

Shakespeare therefore seems to be using this poem to do two things: firstly, to mock trite conceits and exaggerated descriptions, and secondly to affirm that love exists between real, mortal men and women, and that it is just as valid.

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Please help me with the theme of Sonnet 130.

It is better to truly know someone and love him or her than to "love" someone you don't really know. Shakespeare's sonnet 130 takes on the numerous love poets before him who exaggerated the positive qualities of a woman so much that no woman could possibly compete. Women are wonderful, yes, but we're not goddesses. We "tread" upon the earth; we don't float over it. No one actually has skin as white as snow. We're ruddy or olive or dun coloured. As for our breath--let's face it, not many women exhaled breath as sweet as perfume when they spoke, especially given that toothpaste and mouthwash were not standard items in the average Elizabethan's water closet. In fact, neither were showers, nor even frequent baths. As for the sound of our voices--isn't it more about *what* someone says than *how* she says it? He says he "loves to hear her speak" and yet he is aware that the quality of her voice doesn't compete with music. Whose does? I've heard a lot of women speak, and none of them have had such a stunning voice that I'd rather listen to that than a symphony; not that it matters, anyway, for what I really care about is the content not the outside appearance. This is what I take to be the point of the sonnet: it's what's under the surface that counts. All of these other women pale in comparison because the terms the poets have chosen to describe them are inflated and, therefore, false. If you really love someone, you see that person for who she is, flaws included, and still love.

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Please help me with the theme of Sonnet 130.

To put it simply, the theme is that "beauty is in the eye of the beholder" and/or, perhaps, "love is blind."

The sonnet appears below, and my analysis in brackets underneath lines as necessary:

My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;

(Favored eyes as far as beauty goes, tend to be bright. Her's are dim.)

Coral is far more red, than her lips red:

(Red lips were the fashion, and indicate health, but hers are pale like coral.)

If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;

(Albaster white skin was favored in Shakespeare's day, but hers is yellowish. He chooses her breasts in particular to which to make this unflattering comment, further reducing her appeal as a woman.)

If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.

(Yuck! The image conjures the mythical Medusa, not known for her feminine wiles...).

I have seen roses damasked, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks;

(Rosy cheeks indicated youth and beauty; she has none at all.)

And in some perfumes is there more delight
Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.

(Bad breath too. Oh my.)

I love to hear her speak, yet well I know
That music hath a far more pleasing sound:
I grant I never saw a goddess go,
My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:

(He does not romanticize or idolize his lover.)

And yet by heaven, I think my love as rare,
As any she belied with false compare.

(The clincher: Despite all of her physical shortcomings, to the speaker, his lover is better than anyone he could compare her too. He loves her.)

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