(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Chemris, Crystal Anne. Góngora’s “Soledades” and the Problem of Modernity. New York: Tamesis, 2008. An in-depth look at The Solitudes, describing how it addresses issues of concern to the Baroque era while also serving as a precursor to Hispanic literary modernism.

Collins, Marsha S. “The Soledades,” Góngora’s Masque of the Imagination. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2002. Collins likens The Solitudes to a court masque, a theatrical genre that combined a variety of cultural forms.

De Groot, Jack. Intertextuality Through Obscurity: The Poetry of Federico García Lorca and Luis de Góngora. New Orleans, La.: University Press of the South, 2002. Compares the two Spanish poets, describing how and why obscurity is an important element in their work. Includes analysis of The Solitudes.

Foster, David William, and Virginia Ramos Foster. Luis de Góngora. New York: Twayne, 1973. Includes a chapter on The Solitudes and a good annotated bibliography, which has entries for several studies in English.

Guillén, Jorge. “Poetic Language: Góngora.” In Language and Poetry: Some Poets of Spain. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1961. An essay on Góngora that Guillén, one of the great poets of the Generation of ’27, delivered at Harvard University.

Jones, R. O. Introduction to Poems, by Luis de Góngora y Argote. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1966. This edition has an introduction by a noted expert on Spanish literature.

McCaw, Robert John. The Transforming Text: A Study of Luis de Góngora’s “Soledades.” Potomac, Md.: Scripta Humanistica, 2000. McCaw argues that The Solitudes conveys a well-defined message that is consistent with seventeenth century Counter-Reformation philosophy. He demonstrates how that message is one of change, of material and spiritual transformation, and of a code of personal conduct.