Critical Context

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Last Updated on May 8, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 131

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Marvin Minsky is one of the founders of the science of artificial intelligence, one of the first people to combine psychology, mathematics, and computer science to reach an understanding of such mental processes as memory, thought, and recognition. In 1958, he and John McCarthy created the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at MIT. According to physicist Jeremy Bernstein, it is “one of the most creative and distinguished scientific enterprises of its kind in the world.” Many of the most significant researchers of artificial intelligence have been Minsky’s students. Among his most important contributions to the field have been the focus on commonsense reasoning, as opposed to purely logical systems, and his research on the problems of visual recognition. The Society of Mind represents a synthesis of Minsky’s previous work on mental process.