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What are problems faced by developing countries? 

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The main problems facing developing countries are those that create barriers that prevent further development. Once specific problem developing countries face is a general lack of wealth, which negatively affects quality of life in a variety of ways, particularly in access to education. It is difficult for developing countries to compete in a global economy with an undereducated, unskilled workforce, and as a result, these countries often remain poor.

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Developing nations have many problems, many of which are connected to poverty. Developing nations often have underdeveloped infrastructure systems. This leads to an inability to attract businesses to expand there unless the government of the developing nation agrees to relax worker and environmental protections. Many developing nations also lack reliable internet—this is another factor that can drive off businesses.

Businesses who do move to developing nations often take advantage of the situation by paying workers low wages for long hours. Factory conditions are often unsafe, and the corporation pollutes the nation at will. This leads to poor conditions within the country as the tax base remains low, thus making it harder to fund local governments. Education suffers from a lack of funding; this makes the poverty generational in many developing nations. Pollution, combined with a lack of steady food and clean water, leads to lower life expectancy for the people who live in these countries.

Developing nations are often poor due to a lack of investment. This lack of investment is caused by a lack of initiatives for businesses to move their interests there. Those organizations that do often take advantage of bad situations by paying low wages and taking advantage of a nation with no business regulations. In many circumstances, a few people who can make the country better immigrate to richer countries. All of these things plague the developing world and continue a cycle of poverty that dates back to the colonial era.

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Developing countries face many problems. One problem they face is being able to effectively run a government. Developing countries are often very poor. Therefore, there is not a lot of money available to effectively run the government.

This poverty causes other problems. Many people are not able to get a good education. There is not much money available to run good schools and get qualified educators. Also, many people need to work to help their family make ends meet. Thus, education levels tend to lag behind those in developed countries.

There often are issues with food supplies and diseases. A lack of food contributes to malnutrition. Many people often are hungry. Poor sanitation systems along with malnutrition contribute to problems dealing with diseases. As a result, many people do not live as long as people in developed countries.

There often are few environmental regulations in developing countries. This creates issues such as pollution and can lead to issues with the quality of the water that people drink. This also may contribute to a lower life expectancy in these countries.

Developing countries often do not have strong military forces. This makes them susceptible to invasions from other countries or to civil war within their country.

Another issue facing developing countries is the lack of quality housing. Oftentimes, people live in overcrowded conditions and/or in poorly constructed homes. This leads to problems with diseases, crime, and the safety of the structures in which the people live.

There are many problems that developing countries face.

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Developing countries face all sorts of problems.  These problems can be split into two categories.  These are problems that the countries face because they are developing and problems that they face on the road to becoming developed.

Developing countries face many problems related to the fact that they are poor.  They tend to have low life expectancies because they cannot afford good medical care.  They tend to have poor education because they cannot pay many good teachers and/or because their people cannot afford to go to school.  They tend to have poor governance because they cannot afford a large and well-paid group of government officials.  All of these are problems that these countries face because they are developing.

Other problems that these countries face are factors that make it hard for them to develop.  There is some overlap between these two categories of factors.  For example, developing countries have bad education because they are poor, but their lack of a good educational system also makes it harder for them to develop.  They have a hard time creating a strong economy with a workforce that is undereducated.  The main problem that countries face in trying to develop, however, is competition from abroad.  Countries that are trying to develop today have to compete in a global market against countries that have a tremendous head start on them.  This tends to relegate developing countries to a situation in which they can only thrive in industries that require low-skill, low-paid workers.  It is hard to move from being a country that does other countries’ low-paid, labor intensive work to being a country with a truly modern economy.

These are some of the most important challenges faced by developing countries today.

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What are the macroeconomic problems of developing countries?

In addition to the above problems, which are extremely significant, a lack of infrastructure and technology or a lack of natural resources can hold a developing country back a great deal. 

If people wish to engage in production of some sort, they need a stable source of power and roads to distribute what they produce.  Even in countries that were colonized in the 18th century, where some infrastructure was in place, it is usually dysfunctional and requires huge investments of time and money.  That infrastructure, including water and sewerage treatment, as well as power and roads, is also necessary for the people in the country to live their daily lives and be able to even get to work.  If people do not have the wherewithal to eat, drink, and travel safely, how can they produce much of anything?  Addtionally, in today's globabl economy, production implies that a product might be sold anywhere in the world, and that, too, requires infrastructure and technology. 

While many people in developing countries do, surprisingly, have cell phones, technology still lags behind in many other ways.  Much production is done with technology today, and in order to compete in a global economy, it is needed, if only to keep the price of production competitive.  Information is power in any nation's economy, and there are still many people who do not have access to information because they have no computers or access to the Internet.  On a macroeconomic level, this has profound effects. 

A developing country that is lacking in natural resources has significant difficulties growing an economy.  To produce, it must purchase raw materials elsewhere or rely on developing a service economy, which means relying on human resources, people who are likely to be lacking in the education, experience and skills needed to be competent in a service economy, and also, since infrastructure is often lacking, unable to "serve" people who have no means of getting to wherever the service is being provided.  Such countries often turn to tourism, which is fine, but still, a lack of education and infrastructure makes this a challenge. 

So, in general, developing countries face significant challenges in growing their economies, but every nation was a developing nation at some point, and we can see many success stories, in history, and in the present day. 

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