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I need a moral dillemma scenerio for a case study on Kohlberg's moral development. Any ideas?

The text uses the story of Heinz to explain the reasoning process underlying decisions made at different stages of Kohlberg's continuum of moral development. Based on this, develop a case study of a moral dilemma likely to be faced by an individual in the stage of middle childhood. The moral dilemma can be fictional or non-fictional.

Describe how both Kohlberg and Piaget would describe the stage of moral development of the child in the study. Is the child at an age-appropriate stage, according to the theorists?

  • If you answered yes to this question, what behavior is the child exhibiting to lead you to this conclusion?
  • If the answer is no, what stage better fits this child?

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Kohlberg believed that moral development is learned and that moral reasoning depended on a person's development stage. Moral development, therefore, is a function of a person's cognitive development stage. When faced with a moral dilemma, a person will respond in a way that is consistent with his current moral development. In the Heinz story, a man stole some life-saving drugs for his dying wife. The pharmacy where the drugs were available was charging an exorbitant amount for the drugs, which was morally wrong. The dilemma presented -- was it morally right for Heinz to steal the drugs? Kohlberg was more concerned with the reasoning used to arrive at the decision, not the decision itself.

So, you have to come up with a moral dilemma for a child in middle childhood. This means a child that is older than 5 and younger than 11. You must also be familiar with the stage of moral development (usually stage 4 of psychological development) at that age when you decide upon your dilemma. That is, don't choose something that a child in middle childhood is unlikely to have to face.

Some things that a child might have to face at this age might be whether or not to report his friend to the school authorities if the friend is doing something harmful to himself or others. For example, has a 10 year old brought a gun to school? Of course, schools are teaching kids to immediately report this, but it poses a moral dilemma for a child who is not mature enough many times to understand that the harm that child could do to others or himself outweighs the loyalty of friendship. Or, it could have to do with drugs - what if a child knows that his friend is smoking pot?

Another scenario that might work might have to do with a parent's teaching a child never to lie. This is a biggie for this age. Are there some instances when a child might think it is morally OK to lie? Maybe the parent is trying to quit smoking. The child finds a hidden pack of cigarettes under the couch cushion. Should the child flush them down the toilet? Or, the parent is an alcoholic. The child finds a bottle of bourgon behind the couch. Should the child tell the non-alcoholic parent? Things like this.

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 I need to get started on a short case study on Kohlberg's continuum of moral development.  The course text, Human Development, uses the story of Heinz to explain the reasoning process underlying decisions made at different stages of Kohlberg's continuum of moral development. Based on this, develop a case study of a moral dilemma likely to be faced by an individual in the stage of middle childhood. The moral dilemma can be fictional or non-fictional. Describe how both Kohlberg and Piaget would describe the stage of moral development of the child in the study. Is the child at an age-appropriate stage, according to the theorists? If you answered yes to this question, what behavior is the child exhibiting to lead you to this conclusion? If the answer is no, what stage better fits this child?  

I would start by first considering the definition of middle childhood and asking myself what types of "moral dilemmas" children at his age are likely to face. One of the benefits of Kohlberg;s stages is that it is especially appropriate for understanding gifted children. These children progress more rapidly through the stages but are likely not to fit in with their peers. Perhaps a scenario related to the gifted child who is outcast from his peers (or her) for not conforming to a "bad behavior" more typical of the age group?

You could focus on the idea of theft, for example, tying it in to the Heinz scenario. In the Heinz scenario, the theft of the drug was predicated by a higher order need - to obtain the drug for a dying wife - coupled with a potentially morally arguable reaction to the fact that the pharmacy was acting immorally by overpricing the drug in the first place. There is a great ethical dilemma there, but it is not one that is likely faced by children. A child may be faced with a similar situation, however, when given the desire for a piece of candy or other similar temptation and the lack of funds to purchase the item in question. How the child responds to that situation can be then tied to the stages of moral development. A gifted child might react differently than a non gifted child, perhaps, and rate at a different stage from his or her peers.

This site deals with the theory as it applies to gifted children. Perhaps you will find some additional ideas here:

http://austega.com/gifted/moralKohlberg.htm

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