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How do socializing agents contribute to an institutionalized system of social inequality?

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Socializing agents can contribute to a system of inequality by teaching what is expected out of different genders and races. One's parents can create a system of inequality in a child by not valuing education by dismissing the idea of not going on to higher education. One's parents can also do little to instill a sense of work ethic in a child or properly teach a child right from wrong. This will lead to the child lagging socially behind his/her peers in terms of school and work.

Another socializing agent is one's friends. Children are heavily influenced by their peers. If a child's peers are constantly getting into trouble at school, there is a good chance that the child will be getting into trouble as well. This could lead to social inequality, as the child will be labeled as a troublemaker and thus treated as such in school.

Schools can also lead to social inequality. There is a stereotype that boys are better at math while girls are better at language arts. A teacher may subconsciously call on boys more than girls in a math class, thus leading to the girls not doing as well in math.

Schools also cater more toward audio and visual learners even though there are other types of learning styles. Boys may be branded as being bad at school because they have too much energy and are unable to focus. Certain cultures find it socially acceptable to speak out; however, in a classroom setting this is often seen as unacceptable. Schools reward those who are capable of sitting quietly and doing seatwork; students who cannot are deemed poor students and often treated as such.

The media can also lead to social inequality. For years, women were seldom portrayed as professionals on television and in the movies. A man was to be the breadwinner of the family. Only white men were portrayed as successful. While the media has improved in this respect, many roles for successful people still go for white men. It can send a discouraging message for women or young people of color to not have successful role models.

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"Social agents" consist of those categories of humanity that have the greatest influence upon children. The most important such influences are parents, followed, in no particular order, by teachers, siblings, peers, and the media. 

There is no question that social agents influence the process of socialization. It would be folly to believe otherwise. How parents raise their children, how teachers inform and instruct, and how the media presents information all affect the process of socialization.

Social inequality is a product of many factors, including racism and perceptions of women as inferior to men—assumptions which have no basis in fact. Social inequality is also a product of cultural and economic. Certainly, if a child is raised believing that certain ethnicities or women are inherently inferior to Caucasians and/or men, that could perpetuate the institutionalization of social inequality.

Also important are socially constructed attitudes toward education and work. Certain attitudes, like a disdain for the concept of "higher education" on the part of parents who eschewed college, can strongly influence children towards professions with lower earning potential. 

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Socialization is the process of cultural learning. Socializing agents facilitate the process of socialization and due to differences these agents contribute to an institutionalized system of social inequality in a variety of ways.

In a family, the first born is required to conform to high discipline standards which are different for the last born who is raised in a more relaxed environment. This leads to social equality between the two siblings where the first born becomes a conformist and the last born rebellious.

Children are raised differently according to the social classes they belong to. In a middle class family the children are typically exposed to a variety of experiences and are engaged in family decisions. In a working class family the children are often raised to obey directives and are not involved in decision making. This yields different results for the children in the workplace. Children from a middle class family may be preferred for high paying jobs while children from working class families will be preferred for low paying jobs. This state is based on the cultural capital transferred during their upbringing.

In an educational setting, children are treated differently according to their gender in the learning process, leading to social inequality. Boys will often be considered for more physical activities as compared to girls in the same class. This leads to the development of different ideals and beliefs for the different genders as instilled in them through education.

Other socializing agents such as mass media and online communities may produce differences within the society and contribute to social inequality.

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Socializing agents contribute to such a system by helping to convince us that the unequal system is normal and proper.

Socializing agents teach us what is expected by our society.  They help us to learn what is normal in our society.  As they teach us these things, we tend to internalize and accept what they say.  When they teach us that certain inequalities are normal, we tend to accept those ideas.  For example, if our religious leaders and our parents teach us that women should be subservient to men, we accept it and inequality persists.  If our teachers and media tell us that it is normal for some people to be rich and others to be poor, we accept it and inequality persists.

In these ways, socializing agents encourage us to accept systems of social inequality, thus perpetuating and institutionalizing those inequalities.

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Do you think socializing agents contribute to an institutionalized system of social inequality?  Support your answer with detailed examples.

This is a great question. Socialization is a huge part of the creation and sustaining social inequality. The person that has done the most work in this area is  Pierre Bourdieu. He is hard to read, but he offers some of the most insightful points about society and the inequalities that are present. 

The social theories of Pierre Bourdieu emphasizes something called cultural capital. Cultural capital, in brief, is whatever gives a person the ability to succeed. Much of this cultural capital is passed down from one generation to another. For example, if a person speaks very well, it is most likely because that person has grown up in a household where such things were common. That is just the way people speak.

This fact, in turn, allows that individual to have a leg up in the upper echelons of society, where thing like speech matters. The same goes for tastes in art, music, fine foods, dress, etiquette, and education. The more cultural capital a person has, the greater the chance for success. In this sense, people of a certain social order have inherited a huge benefit just by their birth, a point that is often ignored or conveniently forgotten.

All of this shows that socializing agents have a profound role in success and failure. Moreover, when we add to the mix that not all cultures are emphasized to the same degree, then those of a different culture start with a great handicap. In short, socialization makes a very big difference. 

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