Ahmad, Aziz. Islamic Modernism in India and Pakistan, 1857-1964. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967. This work provides an important discussion of Sayyid Ahmad and his critics. Tends to concentrate on Sayyid Ahmad’s political thought and work to the exclusion of his theology.
Ahmad, Aziz, and G. E. von Grunebaum, eds. Muslim Self-Statement in India and Pakistan. Weisbaden, Germany: Otto Harrassowitz, 1970. Since very little of the writings of India’s Muslims has been translated into English, this is a valuable anthology of their work. It contains selections from the writings of Sayyid Ahmad and a number of his contemporaries.
Hardy, Peter. The Muslims of British India. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1972. This is a fine overview of the political, social, and religious history of Muslims in the British period. Readers will find all the basic interpretive themes employed by contemporary scholars—both Euro-Americans and South Asians—introduced here. The chapter “The Medieval Legacy” is a good summary of the governmental style of the Mughals.
Lelyveld, David. Aligarh’s First Generation: Muslim Solidarity in British India. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1977. This brilliantly written book evokes the lives of Muslims from the period of Sayyid Ahmad’s birth to the early years of the college. Not only is its scholarship first rate, but also it is...
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