Sir John Mandeville

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What is the summary of chapter 10 in The Travels of Sir John Mandeville?

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In chapter 10 of the Travels, Sir John Mandeville visits Jerusalem. He begins by remarking that this was originally two cities, Jebus and Salem, but King David joined the two, and King Solomon called it by its current name. Mandeville gives an account of the surrounding geography and then points out how many different nations have conquered Jerusalem:

For that country hath been in the hands of all nations; that is to say, of Jews, of Canaanites, Assyrians, Persians, Medes, Macedonians, of Greeks, Romans, of Christian men, of Saracens, Barbarians, Turks, Tartars, and of many other divers nations; for God will not that it be long in the hands of traitors ne of sinners, be they Christian or other.

Pilgrims to Jerusalem come first to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which Mandeville describes, devoting particular attention to the tabernacle. The mount of Calvary is inside the church, and pilgrims pay their respects there before moving on to Golgotha. In front of the altar where Abraham made sacrifices are the tombs of the Christian kings of Jerusalem, and at the site of the crucifixion itself are inscriptions which Mandeville gives in Greek, Latin, and English.

Jesus was crucified at the age of thirty-three, seeming to contradict a prophecy that he would die at forty. However, Mandeville explains, the years had ten months at the time of the crucifixion, which makes the prophecy correct. He further describes the mount of Calvary, and the events that took place in and around the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, before concluding by mentioning the proximity of other important landmarks, such as the Church of Saint Stephen, the Golden Gate, the Hospital of Saint John, and the Churches of Mary Cleophas and Mary Magdalene.

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