Cartier, Michel. “Historical Myths or Mythical History?” Comparative Civilizations Review, no. 20 (spring 1989): 59-69.
Contrasts the evolution of historical writing as seen in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean chronicles.
Dawson, Raymond. Introduction to Historical Records, by Sima Qian. Translated by Raymond Dawson, pp. i-xxv. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Outlines Qian's accomplishments and notes that he was not an historian in the modern sense of the term but rather “a preserver of tradition about great men.”
Durrant, Stephen. “Ssu-ma Ch'ien's Conception of Tso chuan.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 112, no. 2 (April-June 1992): 295-301.
Argues that Qian was familiar with Liu Hsin's version of the Tso chuan.
Enoki, Kazuo. “On the Relationship between the Shih-chi, Bk. 123 and the Hanshu, Bks. 61 and 96.” In Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko, No. 42, pp. 1-31. Tokyo: The Toyo Bunko, 1983.
Supports the arguments advanced by Edwin G. Pulleyblank that Book 123 of the Shih chi is authentic.
Hardy, Grant R. “The Interpretive Function of Shih chi 14, ‘The Table by Years of the Twelve Feudal Lords.’” Journal of the American Oriental Society 113, no. 1 (January-March 1993): 14-24.
Argues that Qian's tables may be interpreted as having the independent function of expressing what the author found most important historically.
Hulsewé, A. F. P. “The Problem of the Authenticity of Shih chi Ch. 123, The Memoir on Ta Yüan.” T'oung Pao 61, no. 1-3 (1975): 83-133.
Argues that chapter 123 of Shih chi was reconstructed by Qian from material contained in the Han shu.
———. “Founding Fathers and yet Forgotten Men: A Closer Look at the Tables of the Nobility in the Shih chi and the Han shu.” T'oung Pao 75, no. 1-3 (1989): 43-77.
Examines some of the reasons behind particular inclusions in Qian's tables.
Kroll, Jurij L. “Ssu-ma Ch'ien's Literary Theory and Literary Practice.” In Altorientalische Forschungen IV, edited by Adelheid Burkhardt, Helmut Freydank, Friedmar Geissler, Horst Klengel, Werner Sundermann, and Peter Zieme, pp. 313-25. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1976.
Examines Qian's theory that a literary work enables an author to show what he could not put into practice elsewhere and by which he will be morally judged by future generations.
Li, Wai-yee. “The Idea of Authority in the
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