Sigrid Undset Biography


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Sigrid Undset (UHN-seht) was the daughter of Ingvald Martin Undset, a distinguished Norwegian archaeologist, and Anna Charlotte Gyth from the Danish town of Kalundborg. As a child, Sigrid lived with her mother’s family while her father conducted research in Mediterranean countries. When he became a lecturer at the University of Norway, the family moved to Christiania (now Oslo), where two additional daughters were born. Undset was deeply influenced by her father’s work and applied his scientific rigor to an exploration of medieval culture in Norway. She was educated at a private academy under the direction of the considerate Fru Ragna Nielsen, who permitted Sigrid and her sisters to remain at the school after their father died and financial resources were limited. Despite the expectations of her mother and instructors, Undset had little interest in a university education; she preferred a career as a painter. She enrolled in a business school, however, in order to help support her family.

For ten years, Undset held a clerical position, which, although monotonous, gave her considerable insight into working-class women and their family and social relationships, material that she began to use for short stories and her first novel. During these years as an office worker, her study of Scandinavian folklore became more intense, and she wrote a novel based on Norse legends. However, it was not until the publication of Jenny in 1911 that Undset received widespread recognition as a compelling novelist. The success of this novel allowed her to commit herself to a writer’s career.

In 1912 she married A. C. Svarstad, a Norwegian painter with three children from a...

(The entire section is 691 words.)


(Survey of Novels and Novellas)

Sigrid Undset was born in Kalundborg, Denmark, on May 20, 1882. Her father, Ingvald Undset, a famous Scandinavian archaeologist, had reacted against the provincial surroundings of his rural boyhood at sterdal in Norway and the confining atmosphere of Norwegian Lutheranism. Undset’s beautiful and intellectual mother, Anna Charlotte Gyth, had been reared by an indulgent Danish aunt and retained both the air of a grande dame and a rationalistic outlook after her marriage to Ingvald Undset, already not a well man. Not surprisingly, Sigrid Undset received only perfunctory religious training as a child.

In 1884, the Undsets moved to Christiania (now Oslo), where Undset’s liberal parents allowed her to follow her own precocious interests. Her father’s illness often shadowed the childhood memories she recorded in The Longest Years, which ends at his death when she was eleven, but her home was filled constantly with the atmosphere of the Middle Ages. She often read aloud to her father from medieval texts, perhaps only half understanding but wholly spellbound by the stern power and the splendor of Old Norse poetry, as in the Hávar#x00F0;ar Saga, which she read to him the day before he died:

Drag Þú mér af hendihring enn rau#x00F0;a,faer Þú enni enguIngibjorgu.Sá mun hennihugfastr tregi,er ek eigi kemtil Uppsala.(Draw from my armthe ring so red,carry it backto Ingibjorg.It will be to hera deep-set grief,when I...

(The entire section is 788 words.)