Historical Context

(Short Stories for Students)

The British Empire and Nationalism
‘‘The City of London,’’ writes Paul Johnson in Modern Times, ‘‘was...

(The entire section is 656 words.)

Literary Style

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Point of View
In ‘‘Shooting an Elephant,’’ Orwell employs a casually assumed first-person point of view; what readers...

(The entire section is 748 words.)

Bibliography and Further Reading

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Davison, Peter. George Orwell: A Literary Life. New York: St. Martin's, 1996.

Eagleton, Terry....

(The entire section is 261 words.)


(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Bowker, Gordon. George Orwell. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Connelly, Mark. The Diminished Self: Orwell and the Loss of Freedom. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Duquesne University Press, 1987.

Cushman, Thomas, and John Rodden, eds. George Orwell: Into the Twenty-first Century. Boulder, Colo.: Paradigm, 2004.

Gardner, Averil. George Orwell. Boston: Twayne, 1987.

Hitchens, Christopher. Why Orwell Matters. New York: Basic Books, 2002.

Hunter, Lynette. George Orwell: The Search for a Voice. Milton Keynes, England: Open University Press, 1984.

Jensen, Ejner J., ed. The Future of “Nineteen Eighty-Four.” Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1987.

Meyers, Jeffrey. Orwell: Wintry Conscience of a Generation. New York: W. W. Norton, 2000.

Muller, Gilbert H. Major Modern Essayists. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1991.

Taylor, D. J. Orwell: The Life. New York: Henry Holt, 2003.

Compare and Contrast

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1930s: High-water mark of the British Empire. Burma is one of the Empire’s most productive colonies. Also an important decade for...

(The entire section is 324 words.)

Topics for Further Study

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The theme of sacrifice in ‘‘Shooting an Elephant’’ is also evident in Orwell’s essay ‘‘A Hanging.’’ Read ‘‘A...

(The entire section is 224 words.)

What Do I Read Next?

(Short Stories for Students)

The essay ‘‘Such, Such were the Joys . . .’’ is an autobiographical account of Orwell’s years in the bleak and unsympathetic...

(The entire section is 382 words.)