The Shipping News Critical Evaluation - Essay

Annie Proulx

Critical Evaluation

(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

E. Annie Proulx states in the introduction to The Shipping News that she was greatly influenced in writing the novel by The Ashley Book of Knots, which she purchased at a yard sale for a quarter. The novel’s final chapter begins with an excerpt from The Ashley Book of Knots that mirrors Proulx’s storytelling intent: “There are still old knots that are unrecorded, and so long as there are new purposes for rope, there will always be new knots to discover.” The Shipping News, about a simple man in a seemingly simple town, has been met with critical acclaim since its debut, winning the National Book Award in 1993, and the Pulitzer Prize in fiction in 1994. Despite its humble origins, the novel’s story warrants being told, and, like the inevitable discovery of new knots, there will always be new stories to tell.

Proulx’s narrative style in The Shipping News is disjointed and fragmentary. This aspect of the novel has been viewed by some critics as a symptom of bad writing, rather than as a literary device intended to symbolize Quoyle’s own fractured experience. Proulx introduces each chapter with an illustrated excerpt, the majority of which come from The Ashley Book of Knots and The Mariner’s Dictionary. The novel begins with an explanation of the term “quoyle,” which is a single, unknotted coil of rope. Quoyle’s namesake is thus a metaphor for his own life and experiences. A quoyle has no knots to represent specific purposes—it simply sits, exposed and inactive.

As the story progresses and Quoyle begins to establish both familial and friendly bonds, the knots illustrated in the text come to represent the intertwining of the characters and their experiences. The extracts also provide readers with metaphors, commentaries, insights, and expectations of what is to come in the subsequent chapter. However, when read on their own, the introductions serve another purpose; they constitute a kind of...

(The entire section is 815 words.)