(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Late in October of 1697, the last ship leaves Quebec to return to France, and the colony of New France is isolated from the world until the arrival of the fleet in June or July of the following year. One of those who watch as the last vessel passes out of sight down the St. Lawrence River is Euclide Auclair, the apothecary in Quebec.

Auclair lives on the street that winds up the slope and connects the Upper Town on the cliff with the Lower Town, which clusters along the shore of the river at the foot of the mountain. In his home behind his shop, Auclair and his daughter Cécile do their best to re-create the atmosphere they knew in France. So successful are they that many people come to the shop merely to visit and get a breath of the France they left behind.

Cécile is only twelve years old and her mother has been dead for several years. Although she is content to remain in Canada, her father seems to live only for the time when he can return to France with his patron, the governor of the colony, Count Frontenac. Auclair, who has served the count for many years, is a trusted friend of the governor as well as his apothecary.

A few weeks after the last ship departs, Cécile goes to see the count to ask his aid in obtaining some shoes for a little orphan boy. The governor is glad to see her, for too many of the people who come to him are anxious only to help themselves. He says that when he makes his will he will leave the girl a bowl of glass fruit that she always admires.

The first days of December bring a heavy fall of snow that ushers in a reality of life in Canada, the long, dark winter. The snow also reminds Cécile of the boxes of Christmas presents that were sent to her by aunts in France the previous summer. On the twenty-fourth of December, the Auclairs bring the boxes out of their storage place. In one is a crèche to be set up in their living room. The crèche is the crowning point of Christmas for many of their friends, for the French colonists are, as a rule, very devout.

One day in March, Father Hector Saint-Cyr puts in his appearance. The priest spends several evenings recounting to the Auclairs stories of the missionaries, the Indians, and the hardships of backwoods life. When he leaves, Auclair wonders if, after all, the gifts of an educated man such as Father Saint-Cyr might not be going to waste in misplaced heroism among the Canadian missions to the Indians.

About the middle of March, the weather changes. There is a continuous downpour of rain that the snow soaks up as if it were a gigantic sponge. The ice in the St. Lawrence breaks up and floats downstream in huge gray blocks. It is a season of sickness, and the apothecary is busy from morning until night, acting as doctor to many of the inhabitants of the town. Cécile catches a cold and is in bed for several days.


(The entire section is 1176 words.)