(Masterpieces of American Literature)

In structure, Les Fous de Bassan (In the Shadow of the Wind, 1983) marked a new departure for Anne Hébert. Drawing on her reading of the American novelist William Faulkner, and especially of his novel The Sound and the Fury (1929), Hébert utilizes a number of speakers to tell her story, including the mentally defective Percival Brown, who was clearly inspired by the character Benjy in Faulkner’s novel.

In the Shadow of the Wind is also unlike Hébert’s other novels in that the orientation of the characters is British, rather than French. Though her fictional community of Griffin Creek is located in the province of Quebec, its founders were British loyalists who fled north during the American Revolution. However, their Protestantism is presented as just as repressive as the Jansenist Catholicism that Hébert attacks elsewhere.

Appropriately, the novel begins with “The Book of the Reverend Nicholas Jones.” In the fall of 1982, this leader of a vanishing flock reflects on the past, on the distant ancestors he cherishes; on the mother who never loved him; on his barren wife, who tactfully removed herself from his life by committing suicide; and on his violent desire for the two Atkins girls, who were murdered on August 31, 1936. Now instead of being victimized by women and his desire for them, he exercises his power over the middle-aged twins who have waited on him since he took them in as children....

(The entire section is 589 words.)