The second son of End Tsunechisa and Iku, Shsaku End (ehn-doh) was born in Tokyo, Japan, on March 27, 1923. He was taken to Dalian in Japanese-occupied Chinese Manchuria when he was three. When his parents divorced in 1933, he returned with his mother to Kobe, Japan. End Iku converted to Catholicism, and at the age of eleven, under family pressure, Shsaku joined the Catholic Church and took the Christian name Paul; he was taunted by schoolmates because he was a Christian. In 1943, End entered Keio University but left shortly to work for the war effort. Returning to the university in 1945, he studied French literature and graduated in 1948. While there, he published several articles, including “Kamigami to kami to” (the gods and God) and “Katorikku sakka no mondai” (the problems confronting the Catholic author).
In 1950, End was among the first Japanese to study abroad following World War II. In France, he studied the work of various French Catholic writers, first at the University of Lyons and then in Paris, but in February, 1953, illness forced him to return to Japan.
End published two novellas, Shiroi hito (1954; white man), which won the thirty-third Akutagawa Prize, and Kiiroi hito (1955; yellow man). In 1956, he taught at Jochi (Sophia) University, a private Catholic school. Umi to dokuyaku (The Sea and Poison, 1972) for which he received the Shinchosha Prize and the Mainichi Culture Prize,...
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