Themes and Meanings

(Critical Guide to Poetry for Students)

In an interview in 1997 at Northwestern University, Pinsky explained that “the only protection against copying the past is intimate knowledge of the past.” His America in “Serpent Knowledge” is young but not innocent; his America is inexperienced but not ignorant. Pinsky represents the United States as a dynamic jumble of mistakes in fact—the serpent in the textbook—and judgment—the Vietnam War—that are transformed into what people call history. Recollections of evil, ancient or modern, are part of that assimilation. Pinsky’s thematic development in “Serpent Knowledge” balances the frank, immediate, and animated with the contemplative, cautious, and philosophical dimensions. He is always cognizant of the snake being there. He is keeping an eye on it, as on Nicole, because that is an important human responsibility.

Pinsky is not afraid of the truth, but it is also essential to “Serpent Knowledge” that he is not afraid of his poetic responsibility to speak of truth and of evil. The war in Vietnam is Pinsky’s personal choice of an evil, in fact and in imagination, so “threatening to gape and swallow and enclose the poem” that it could devour his work as descriptions of earlier conflicts have dominated history. Knowledge of evil, whether brought by a serpent or by a newspaper, is not intended to make people afraid, but to make them aware.

When all the complexities of modern life are played out against a rich and...

(The entire section is 503 words.)