(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

While Chremes’s wife Sostrata is pregnant, Chremes tells her that if the child should be a girl she is to destroy it. Sostrata agrees, but when the baby turns out to be a daughter the poor woman does not have the heart to carry out her husband’s command by herself. Instead, she gives the child to a poor Corinthian woman then living in Athens, who is to leave the child outside to die. Out of superstition, she also gives the woman a ring for her finger to accompany the child when it is left exposed.

The old Corinthian woman fails to carry out her instructions. Naming the child Antiphila, she rears the girl as her own. Antiphila grows up, well mannered and comely, and she is believed by everyone to be the old woman’s own daughter.

Clinia, the son of Menedemus, sees Antiphila and falls desperately in love with her. Fearing the disapproval of his strict father, Clinia begins living with her in secret as though she is his wife. Menedemus at last discovers the affair, and by constantly chiding his son and accusing him of unmanly indolence, he finally causes the young man to go to the East and serve in the wars under the Persian king.

Shortly after Clinia leaves Athens, Menedemus comes to realize that he was unjust and cruel in his severity. To punish himself he sells all his possessions in Athens, purchases a farm in the country, and begins working both himself and his servants almost beyond endurance. Three months after his departure, Clinia returns, no longer able to tolerate his separation from Antiphila. Unaware of his father’s change of heart, he keeps his return secret from Menedemus and is entertained by Clitipho, a boyhood friend and the son of Chremes. As soon as Clinia arrives, Clitipho sends his two slaves, Dromo and Syrus, into Athens to bring Antiphila to her lover. On the same day Chremes learns from Menedemus how much he wants his son to return and how generous he is determined to be to the young man when the opportunity does finally present itself. In fear of making Clinia audacious in his demands on Menedemus, however, Chremes refrains from telling the young man about his father’s change of feeling.

That evening Syrus returns, bringing both Antiphila and a high-priced courtesan, Bacchis. Clitipho, unknown to his father, previously was deeply infatuated with Bacchis, and the cunning and bold Syrus decides that the youth’s desire to see his mistress can be satisfied if Bacchis is introduced...

(The entire section is 1004 words.)