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Allen, Gay Wilson. Waldo Emerson: A Biography. New York: Viking Press, 1981.

Bosco, Ronald A., and Joel Myerson, eds. Emerson in His Own Time: A Biographical Chronicle of His Life, Drawn from Recollections, Interviews, and Memoirs by Family, Friends, and Associates. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2003.

Buell, Lawrence. Emerson. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.

Goodman, Russell B. American Philosophy and the Romantic Tradition. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Jacobson, David. Emerson’s Pragmatic Vision: The Dance of the Eye. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993.

Lopez, Michael. Emerson and Power: Creative Antagonism in the Nineteenth Century. De Kalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1996.

Myerson, Joel, ed. A Historical Guide to Ralph Waldo Emerson. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Porte, Joel, and Saundra Morris, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Ralph Waldo Emerson. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Richardson, Robert D. Emerson: The Mind on Fire. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Robinson, David M. Emerson and the Conduct of Life: Pragmatism and Ethical Purpose in the Later Work. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Sacks, Kenneth S. Understanding Emerson: “The American Scholar” and His Struggle for Self-Reliance. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Yanella, Donald. Ralph Waldo Emerson. Boston: Twayne, 1982.

Bibliography and Further Reading

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‘‘Emerson: His Failure to Perceive the Meaning of Evil,’’ in The Cambridge History of English and American Literature, Vol. XV, edited by W. P. Trent, J. Erskine, S. P. Sherman, and C. Van Doren, Cambridge University Press, 1907-1921.

Gerber, John C., "Emerson, Ralph Waldo,’’ in Reference Guide to American Literature, 3d ed., St. James Press, 1994.

Khoren, Arisian, '"The Sun Shines Today Also': The Vision and Impact of Ralph Waldo Emerson,’’ speech delivered at New York Society for Ethical Culture, June 17, 2001.

Myerson, Joel, ‘‘Ralph Waldo Emerson,’’ in Concise Dictionary of American Literary Biography: 1640-1865, Gale Research, Inc., 1988, pp. 74-93.

Reid, Alfred S., ‘‘Emerson's Prose Style: An Edge to Goodness,’’ in Style in the American Renaissance: A Symposium, edited by Carl F. Strauch, Transcendental Books, 1970, pp. 37–42.

Warren, Joyce W., ‘‘Transcendentalism and the Self: Ralph Waldo Emerson,’’ in The American Narcissus: Individualism and Women in Nineteenth-Century American Fiction, Rutgers University Press, 1984, pp. 23-53.

Wilson, Leslie Perrin, ‘‘New England Transcendentalism,’’ in Concord Magazine, November 1998.

Further Reading

Cole, Phyllis, Mary Moody Emerson and the Origins of Transcendentalism: A Family History, Oxford University Press, 1998.

Mary Moody Emerson, an aunt of Ralph Waldo Emerson, was a writer herself and one of the early adherents of American transcendentalism. This work examines Emerson's influences on her nephew.

Porte, Joel, and Saundra Morris, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Ralph Waldo Emerson, Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Intended to provide a critical introduction to Emerson's work, The Cambridge Companion to Ralph Waldo Emerson includes new interpretations of Emerson's work. In addition to commissioned essays, the work includes a comprehensive chronology and bibliography.

Richardson, Robert D., Jr., Emerson: The Mind on Fire, University of California Press, 1995.

This biography gives a historical perspective on Emerson and his work. It provides inspiring details on Emerson's thoughts and on the societal and political forces shaping the United States in the 1800s.

Versluis, Arthur, American Transcendentalism and Asian Religions, Oxford University Press on Demand, 1997.

Part of the Oxford University Press Religion in America series, this book covers the beginning of Transcendentalist Orientalism in Europe and the complete history of American Transcendentalism to the twentieth century, with a focus on how Asian religions and cultures have influenced transcendentalism in the West.

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Historical and Social Context