(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

A Season in the Life of Emmanuel was declared by critics to have been both “written by the devil” and among the best French Canadian novels. Blais moves her character from an earlier imaginary, gothic world into the recognizable world of French Canadian culture. The story takes place during the first year in the life of Emmanuel, the sixteenth child of a materially and emotionally impoverished farm family. Bleak, disturbing, and full of biting humor, this depiction of Quebec’s church-dominated lower-class life is considered Blais’s masterwork.

Blais begins the story with a constantly changing point of view, as the mother of this brood of children, some called only by their birth order number, gives birth to Emmanuel and then returns to work in the fields. The strongest influence in the lives of the children is their grandmother, the rigid and traditional caretaker of their futures. The mother has no name, no presence in the book, though her absence and failure are clearly felt as she moves through life exhausted and resigned to her wretched state. Maternal failure is a theme common to Blais’s work, which often presents a world where children are limited and defined by their emotional and physical deprivation.

The main character in this novel is not Emmanuel but four of the older children. It is through his eyes that one sees their suffering, and none escapes the evil in the world. Heloise, believing that the sensuality that...

(The entire section is 479 words.)


(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Dufault, Roseanna Lewis. Acting Mothers: The Maternal Role in Recent Novels by Marie-Claire Blais and Anne Hébert. Ada: Ohio Northern University, 1997.

Gould, Karen L. “Geographies of Death and Dreams in Marie-Claire’s Soifs.” Quebec Studies 25 (Spring, 1998): 9-14.

Green, Mary Jean. Marie-Claire Blais. New York: Twayne, 1995.

Green, Mary Jean, et al., eds. “The Past Our Mother: Marie-Claire Blais and the Question of Women in the Quebec Canon.” In Postcolonial Subjects: Francophone Women Writers. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.

McPherson, Karen S. Archaeologies of an Uncertain Future: Recent Generations of Canadian Women Writing. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2006.

Meigs, Mary. Lily Briscoe: A Self-Portrait. Vancouver, B.C.: Talonbooks, 1981.

Stratford, Philip. Marie-Claire Blais. Toronto: Forum House, 1971.