In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens Critical Essays

Alice Walker


(Masterpieces of Women's Literature)

The book opens with the article “Saving the Life That Is Your Own: The Importance of Models in the Artist’s Life.” This text of a speech Walker gave to the Modern Language Association in San Francisco in 1975 sets the personal tone and direction for part 1. Walker asserts the importance of writers—especially those outside the mainstream of the literary tradition, writing not what others want but what they themselves want to read. In doing so, they not only set the direction of vision but also follow it. This integrity of purpose puts it in the power of the black woman artist to save lives and makes it her business to do so because she knows that the life she saves is her own.

Several of the other selections in part 1 explore the lives, work, and significance of several of Walker’s literary models, especially Zora Neale Hurston, Flannery O’Connor, Virginia Woolf, Jean Toomer, and Rebecca Jackson. Wanting to write an authentic story drawing on black witchcraft, Walker undertook research into black folklore. She discovered that most research in this field had been published by white anthropologists, but in a footnote she discovered the work of Hurston. She found Hurston’s Mules and Men (1935) the “perfect book,” because of its “racial health,” its depiction of black persons as “complete, complex, undiminished human beings.” Recognizing Hurston as one of the “most significant unread authors in America,” Walker visited Eatonville, Florida, Hurston’s birthplace. Learning that Hurston had died in a home for the indigent and had been buried in an unmarked grave, Walker bought a tombstone to mark the gravesite. Walker recognizes the role this painful pilgrimage played in her own development as a black woman writer.

Walker, the daughter of Georgia sharecroppers, also made a pilgrimage to her own...

(The entire section is 761 words.)