How do plant cells differ from animal cells?

 

Quick answer:

Animal and plant cells differ in shape. Animal cells do not have a cell wall and are round and irregular in shape, whereas plant cells have a cell wall and are more structured and rectangular in shape. Plant cells can produce all twenty of the amino acids necessary to make protein, while animal cells can only produce half of these amino acids. Animal cells do not contain plastids, unlike plant cells, which have chloroplasts used for photosynthesis.

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There are a number of differences between plant and animal cells, especially with respect to the presence or absence of organelle.

  •  Cell wall: is present in plant cell and is absent in animal cells.
  • Vacuoles: Plant cells have a large vacuole, while animal cells contain multiple small vacuoles.
  • Chloroplasts: Plants cells contain chloroplasts (which contain chlorophyll, essential for the process of photosynthesis by which plants make their own food), while animal cells do not.
  • Flagella: is typically absent from plant cells.
  • Shape: Plant cells have a more regular shape (generally rectangular), while animal cells have irregular shapes.
  • Lysosomes: are generally present in animal cells, while they are absent in plant cells.
  • Cilia: animal cells have cilia, while they are generally absent from plant cells.
  • Plastids: are present in plant cells and are absent in animal cells.

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what is the difference between an animal cell and a plant cell?

Animal cells and plants cells have the following differences:

  • Size: An animal cell (10-30 'mum') is smaller than a plant cell (10-100 `mum`).
  • Cell wall: plant cells have a cellulosic cell wall, which is absent in the case of animal cells. The plasma membrane serves as the outermost boundary for an animal cell.
  • Chloroplast: The presence of chloroplast enables photosynthesis in plant cells and it is absent in animal cells.
  • Vacuole: A mature plant cell has a large vacuole, whereas animal cells may contain a number of small vacuoles.
  • Location of nucleus: in plant cells, it lies on one side in peripheral cytoplasm, whereas in animal cells, it is generally in the center.
  • Reserve food form: plant cells store reserve food in the form of starch, whereas animal cells contain reserved food as glycogen.
  • Lysosomes: are absent in plant cells, whereas they are present in animal cells.
  • cytokinesis method: in plant cells, cytokinesis occurs by cell plate method, whereas in animal cells, it occurs by construction or furrowing. 
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What are three differences between plant and animal cells?

Animal cells and plant cells are similar in several ways. For example, both are comprised of a nucleus and various organelles. Although there are similarities between these two types of cells, they also differ in many ways.

One of the main differences between these cells is their shape. Animal cells are less structured than plant cells. They are irregular and round in shape, whereas plant cells have a more rigid structure and are square-shaped or rectangular. Animal cells have a cell membrane, but no cell wall, which is why their shape is not as structured as that of plant cells, which do have cell walls made of cellulose in addition to cell membranes.

Animal and plant cells differ in their abilities to produce amino acids used in protein production. Twenty amino acids are needed to produce proteins. Animal cells are only able to naturally produce half of these amino acids; they rely on diet for the other half. Plants, however, are able to produce all twenty necessary amino acids naturally.

Plant cells contain organelles called plastids, which are not present in animal cells. Plant cells use plastids, such as chloroplasts, for photosynthesis, which is the production of food from sunlight.

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How are plant cells and animals cells different?  

Animal and plant cells are both eukaryotic and have a cell membrane and organelles, including a nucleus, mitochondria, and endoplasmic reticulum. They are different in that animal cells do not have a cell wall (but do have a cell membrane), while plant cells have a cell wall made out of cellulose. In addition, animal cells are round, while plant cells are rectangular in shape. Plant cells have chloroplasts, which they use to make their own food, while animal cells do not. Animal cells also have one or more small vacuoles, while plant cells have one large vacuole (taking up most of the cell's volume). All animal cells have centrioles, but only lower plant forms have centrioles in their cells. Finally, cilia are present in animal cells but not in most plant cells. 

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