Latitude and longitude are two different coordinates found on a map. Each coordinate is expressed in degrees. Latitude is the angular distance north or south of the celestial equator. The larger the degree latitude, the further a region is from the equator. Longitude is the angular distance east or west from the meridian that is located in Greenwich, England. The larger the degree longitude, the further an area is from the meridian.
As the latitude north or south of the equator increase, temperatures usually decrease. This is a result of Earth’s curvature and the amount of sunlight an area receives. Regions that are located along the equator receive more direct sunlight. Therefore, these regions are warmer. Regions closer to the poles receive indirect sunlight. Thus, polar regions are colder.
According to National Geographic, there is no correlation between degrees of longitude and temperature.