During her bouts with chronic illness in the 1850’s and 1860’s, Mary Baker Eddy became interested in the accounts of healing performed by Jesus Christ that are recorded in the Bible. Through prayer and careful study, she became convinced that the true source of healing is a spiritual gift that comes from God. She referred to the spiritual way in which Christ healed as Christian Science. In 1875, she published Science and Health as the textbook for Christian Science. Her main goal in writing the book was not to present a new form of theology but to provide a guidebook for religious practice. The phrase “with key to the Scriptures” was added to the title in 1883. Eddy believed that her book provided the key for others to better understand the teachings in the Bible.
Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures is composed of three sections. The largest section is devoted to the main topics that are at the center of the Christian Science religion founded by Eddy in 1879. These include prayer, the Atonement, love, spiritual development, and healing based on spiritual laws. The second section focuses on Scriptures from the Bible and an examination of portions of the books of Genesis and Revelations. The second section also contains a glossary of 125 common terms used in the Bible, defined by Eddy in terms of her metaphysical, spiritual interpretations. The last section of the book, added by Eddy in 1902, contains the testimonials of numerous individuals who claim to have been healed or relieved of severe illnesses and adversities by application of the healing principles explained by Eddy in Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures.
In her book, Eddy proclaims that the life and works of Jesus Christ, from his working of miracles, particularly healing, to his resurrection, to his final ascension above all materialism, represent conclusive evidence for the spiritual nature of human beings. She views his life as...
(The entire section is 804 words.)