Why are almost none of the main Jewish characters in Schindler's List killed?

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One reason why this might be the case lies in the very essence of the list. The Jewish people we really get to know in the film are the ones that Schindler himself protects by getting them to work in his factory or the ones that he places on the list for protection.  The very reason they live is because of their role in working for Schindler.  I would amend this to suggest that we do see the death of Jewish people that we, and Schindler, do not know and this leaves a profound impact.  Schindler's witnessing of the liquidation of the Ghetto is massively powerful.  Schindler cannot fully turn away, thought he knows few personally involved.  He stares, as we do, and watches the death and pain of thousands that are unknown.  He, and we, sees this girl in a red petticoat wandering, trying to find some home, some sanctuary.  This is a girl who we, and Schindler, do not know, yet recognize as dead when all the bodies have to be incinerated.  It is the witnessing of one such injustice, though not known, that changes our own lives and understandings towards the millions who died during the Holocaust.

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