Allinson, Francis G. Lucian: Satirist and Artist. New York: Longmans, Green, 1927. Excellent on the topic of the supernatural in Lucian, discussing his work in terms of its treatment of the ancient gods, superstition, and Christianity. Spells out the major influences on Lucian.
Baldwin, Barry. Studies in Lucian. Toronto, Ont.: Hakkert, 1973. Traces the scant evidence concerning Lucian’s life and speculates on who may have been Lucian’s important friends and enemies. Strong emphasis is placed on Lucian’s satire in comparison with that of other notable contemporaries. Stresses Lucian’s intense involvement with “fashions and living issues” of his time.
Craig, Hardin. The Written Word, and Other Essays. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1953. The essay on “The Vitality of an Old Classic: Lucian and Lucianism” is a graceful appreciation of the best features of Lucian. The discussion of Lucian’s skill with the dialogue is excellent.
Gilhuly, Kate. “Bronze for Gold: Subjectivity in Lucian’s Dialogues of the Courtesans.” American Journal of Philology 128, no. 1 (Spring, 2007): 59-94. Focuses on dialogue 6, describing how Lucian manipulates his audience’s expectations by combining comedic characters with a philosophical form.
Jones, C. P. Culture and Society in Lucian. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986. Separate chapters discuss, among other topics, Lucian’s inconsistent treatment of philosophy, the “concealed victims” of the satires, and the gods and the oracles.
Marsh, David. Lucian and the Latins: Humor and Humanism in the Early Renaissance. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1998. Describes how European authors in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries rediscovered Lucian’s comic writings, tracing how the themes and structures of his works were adapted by Renaissance writers. Chapters 2, 3, and 4 focus on The Dialogue of the Dead and The Dialogue of the Gods.