(Masterpieces of Fiction, Detective and Mystery Edition)

Although Sapper’s character Bulldog Drummond was extremely popular in novels and on the stage in the 1920’s, in the 1930’s and 1940’s Drummond was best known through film and radio. In the transition from novels to radio and film, Drummond was transformed from a somewhat snobbish retired British officer to a suave gentleman. Indeed, most Americans who remember Bulldog Drummond will not remember him from the novels, which were read primarily in England.

Bulldog Drummond was a continuation of the tradition of the gentleman sleuth, called in by clients or friends to solve a murder, disappearance, or robbery—all in the tradition of Sherlock Holmes. In fact, Sapper’s fiction was a mainstay of The Strand magazine, the same magazine where the Holmes stories regularly appeared. Fast-paced and well-plotted, Sapper’s novels were aimed at the same public that took to the Holmes series. Today this kind of entertainment seems tame, and the social prejudices of those days, very prominent in the Drummond novels, are judged unacceptable by many critics.


(Masterpieces of Fiction, Detective and Mystery Edition)

Panek, LeRoy. “Sapper.” In The Special Branch: The British Spy Novel, 1890-1980. Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1981. Scholarly study of British espionage thrillers written by a major critic in the academic study of mystery and detective fiction contains an essay on Sapper.

Treadwell, Lawrence P., Jr. The Bulldog Drummond Encyclopedia. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2001. Reference work entirely devoted to Drummond, his adventures, and his fictional world.

Usborne, Richard. Clubland Heroes: A Nostalgic Study of Some Recurrent Characters in the Romantic Fiction of Dornford Yates, John Buchan and Sapper. 3d ed. London: Hutchinson, 1983. Study of Drummond, comparing him to such other fictional characters as Dickson Mc’Cunn and Richard Hannay.

Usborne, Richard. Introduction to Bulldog Drummond. London: J. M. Dent & Sons, 1983. Overview of Sapper’s most famous character and his fictional adventures.

Watson, Colin. “The Bulldog Breed.” In Snobbery with Violence: Crime Stories and Their Audience. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1979. Study of the representation of snobbery within crime fiction. Provides perspective for Sapper’s writing.