Sandra M. Gilbert Biography

Author Profile

(Society and Self, Critical Representations in Literature)

Sandra Gilbert, a poet and literary critic, was educated at Cornell University, New York University, and Columbia University. She has taught at numerous colleges and universities, including Indiana University, Princeton University, and the University of California, Davis. Gilbert and Gubar began collaborating on literary criticism in the mid-1970’s while both taught at Indiana University. Each had previously published extensively, but their discussions led them to new discoveries about literature. The excitement generated by their joint exploration of the subject matter is evident throughout the volumes they have produced as a team. After Sandra Gilbert left Indiana in 1975, she and Susan Gubar continued working together through phone calls and extensive travel. The focus in their writing on women writers’ sense of identity reflects the women’s movement’s attempts to redefine women’s place in society. Gilbert and Gubar’s persuasive arguments that literary works reflect the time and culture in which they are written, as well as the gender of the author, helped to revolutionize literary criticism. Many previous critical schools treated works of literature as timeless monuments to human greatness. Gilbert and Gubar’s collaborative method embodies the ideal of solidarity between women, which is central to the women’s movement.