(Literary Essentials: World Fiction)

On the surface, The Ruined Map might be seen as a Japanese version of the American “hard-boiled” detective novel such as those authored by Dashiell Hammett and Raymond Chandler. Like Chandler’s Marlowe or Hammett’s Spade, the protagonist of Kb Abe’s novel appears to be, in the beginning of the novel, a tough, smart, naturalistic survivor of the city’s “mean streets” whose task it is to negotiate unfeelingly the labyrinth of crossed paths, conspiracies, and conflicted emotions that typify the genre. Yet, very soon, the reader of The Ruined Map notices that Abe’s investigator is enormously sensitive to the details of the chaotic physical environment of a large, expanding city and obsessed with mapping its intricacies. The occasion for the narrator’s activities in this regard is his employment by a young married woman, Nemuro Haru, who asks the narrator to find her husband, now missing for six months. The wife provides the investigator with little information about the details of or motivations behind her husband’s disappearance: a book of matches, a photograph, a worn raincoat, and the fact that he vanished only hundreds of yards from his house while on the way to a meeting with his colleague, Tashiro. The narrator is immediately suspicious. Why has Nemuro Haru taken so long to seek the assistance of a private detective? Why does she provide so little information about her husband, his life-style, and his personality? The narrator’s suspicions are increased when he learns that the missing man’s brother has been “on the case” since the disappearance and has discovered nothing. The narrator wonders who this mysterious brother is, what he does for a living, and what his involvement might be with Nemuro Hiroshi’s disappearance—to the extent that he begins to doubt the brother’s identity. Has the wife convinced someone (a lover? an enemy of her husband?) to pose as her brother-in-law in order to confuse the detective? What would be her motivation in doing so? Such enigmas, with their endless solutions, fill the pages of Abe’s novel.

With little to go on, the narrator begins to investigate: He visits the restaurant whose name and telephone number appear on the matchbook; he goes to the wholesale fuel house where the missing man last worked; he “runs into” (clearly, not coincidentally) the mysterious brother; he frequently visits the mysteriously complacent wife; he meets with Tashiro, the man whom Nemuro Hiroshi was supposed to meet in a subway station before he disappeared.

As he proceeds in his...

(The entire section is 1052 words.)