Battles, Pau. “‘The Mark of the Beast’: Rudyard Kipling’s Apocalyptic Vision of Empire.” Studies in Short Fiction 33 (Summer, 1996): 333-344. A reading of Kipling’s story as his most powerful critique of the Empire; argues that “The Mark of the Beast” is an allegory of the relationship between the colonizer and the colonized.
Bauer, Helen Pike. Rudyard Kipling: A Study of the Short Fiction. New York: Twayne, 1994. Discusses the themes of isolation, work, the Empire, childhood, the supernatural, and art in Kipling’s short stories. Includes Kipling’s comments on writing and excerpts from a formalist and a postcolonial analysis of Kipling.
Birkenhead, Lord. Rudyard Kipling. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1978. This work was initially completed in 1948 but was not published until much later because of the opposition of Elsie Bambridge, Kipling’s daughter. It contains some information from documents later destroyed.
Bloom, Harold, ed. Rudyard Kipling. New York: Chelsea House, 1987. Essays on Kipling’s major work, his views on art and life, and his vision of empire. Includes introduction, chronology, and bibliography.
Bloom, Harold, ed. Rudyard Kipling’s “Kim.” New York: Chelsea House, 1987. Contains nine essays ranging from general appreciation to detailed critical analysis, with an introduction, chronology, and bibliography.
Carrington, Charles. Rudyard Kipling: His Life and Works. 3d ed. London: Macmillan, 1978. A standard biography with access to unique inside information. The appendices to the 1978 edition contain information previously suppressed by Kipling’s heirs. Includes a chronology of his life and work as well as a family tree. Much stronger on his adult life than his childhood and concentrates on his life and the influences upon it rather than on literary critique.
Coates, John. The Days’s Work: Kipling and the Idea of Sacrifice. Madison, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1997. Explores one of Kipling’s favorite themes.
Daniel, Anne Margaret. “Kipling’s Use of Verse and Prose in ‘Baa Baa, Black Sheep.’” Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 37 (Autumn, 1997): 857-875. Argues that the story relies on a literary self- consciousness to bring under artistic control the possible untruths and chaos of memory; claims that Kipling’s use of both prose and poetry creates a comfortable connection with his audience.
Gilmour, David. The Long Recessional: The Imperial Life of Rudyard Kipling. N.Y., New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2002. An interesting account of Kipling’s life and his complex and changing views of the British Empire, written with an awareness of the rise of terrorism emanating from the post- colonial developing world.
Hai, Ambreen. “On Truth and Lie in a Colonial Sense: Kipling’s Tales of Tale-Telling.” ELH 64 (Summer, 1997): 599-625. Argues that construction of the lie (as fiction) became a specific, serious mode for Kipling to rethink and re-present relations between empire and his own fiction, between power and (self-)censorship, and a coded form to negotiate the boundaries of the unspeakable; suggests that for Kipling the lie is an alternative form of truth-telling.
Laski, Marghanita. From Palm to Pine: Rudyard Kipling Abroad and at Home. New York: Facts on File, 1987. A lively, well-illustrated biography with a brief chronology, appendices on Kipling’s major travels and his important works, a brief bibliography, and notes.
Lycett, Andrew. Rudyard Kipling. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1999. Lycett’s exhaustive biography provides invaluable insight into the life and work of Kipling. Includes bibliographical references and index.
Mallett, Phillip, ed. Kipling Considered. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1989. This collection contains essays on Plain Tales from the Hills, Stalky and Co., Kipling and Conrad, and “Mrs Bathurst.” The most helpful for readers interested in Kipling’s short stories is Clare Hanson’s discussion of the meaning of form in Kipling’s short stories; Hanson establishes a theoretical framework for the short story as a genre and discusses Kipling’s “Mary Postgate” to illustrate her concepts.
Orel, Harold, ed. Critical Essays on Rudyard Kipling. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1990. Sections on Kipling’s poetry, his writing on India, his work as a mature artist, his unfinished memoir, and his controversial reputation. Introduced by a distinguished critic. No bibliography.
Paffard, Mark. Kipling’s Indian Fiction. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1989. A discussion of the influence of India on Kipling’s writing. Analyzes the development of Kipling’s style along with his treatment of India and the literary and historical context of this treatment.
Pinney, Thomas. In Praise of Kipling. Austin: Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, 1996. A volume of criticism that is mostly positive.
Ricketts, Harry. Rudyard Kipling: A Life. New York: Carroll and Graf, 2000. (See Magill’s Literary Annual review) In a detailed and lively account of Kipling’s life, Ricketts also analyzes the literary works that emerged from that popular but controversial career.
Rutherford, Andrew, ed. Kipling’s Mind and Art. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1964. Subtitled Selected Critical Esays, it includes commentaries by Edmund Wilson, George Orwell, and Lionel Trilling, among others.
Seymour-Smith, Martin. Rudyard Kipling. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1989. The author of this provocative and controversial work probes deeply into Kipling’s personality and sexuality and argues that they are the key to the understanding of Kipling’s writings.
Tompkins, J. M. S. The Art of Rudyard Kipling. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1965. First published in 1959, this major critical study of Kipling’s literary work should be consulted in any discussion of Kipling’s art.
Wilson, Angus. The Strange Ride of Rudyard Kipling: His Life and Works. London: Martin Secker and Warburg, 1977. Wilson, literary critic and novelist, sees Kipling’s ability to remain in part a child as the key to his imagination. Wilson’s own background in fiction gives insight into Kipling’s own works.