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Summary and Analysis: Prologue and Act I, scenes i – ii

New Characters
Author: The anonymous author of the work, presumably a man.

Florinda: A good noblewoman who is supposed to marry a rich, old fool (Don Vincentio) but is in love with a young gallant (Belvile).

Hellena: Florinda's sister, who resists the decree that she should go to a nunnery.

Don Vincentio: The wealthy young man Florinda is supposed to marry.

Don Belvile: A young English colonel who is in love with Florinda but has no money.

Don Pedro: A young man who is friends with Florinda and Hellena's father, who would like to thwart Florinda's intended marriage.

Stephano: Servant to Don Pedro.

Callis: Governess of Florinda and Hellena.

Antonio: Don Pedro's friend, a gallant young man and son of the Viceroy, who would like to marry Florinda.

Frederick: A friend and traveling companion of Belvile and Blunt.

Blunt: An Englishman and gentleman buffoon traveling with Belvile and Blunt.

Angelica: The widow of a Spanish general, now turned whore.

Lucetta: A girl hoping to profit through rich men.

Sancho: Lucetta's seeming pimp.

Summary
Aphra Behn's Restoration comedy The Rover begins with a prologue defending the writer. The byline declares that the Prologue has been written by a "person of quality," and the Prologue goes on to say that everyone has different tastes, and that while the theater's "in-group" will probably hate the play, that does not mean that it's a bad play. The Prologue reads as if its writer has received bad reviews and now chastises reviewers and audiences alike for not judging a play based on its own merits. It concludes by declaring that playwrights labor over every line of their work in order to create truly realistic dialogue and situations, so a successful play is one in which the characters' reactions and the plot are familiar to all. The writer further tells the audience that they are present not because they seek refined works of high quality, but because they prefer plays stuffed with jokes and dissipation, and that that is what the anonymous author of the play—a "he," according to the Prologue—has attempted to provide.

The action opens with Florinda chastising Hellena for her endless questions about love and lovers. Florinda reminds Hellena she is nunnery-bound and should not consider such questions, and Hellena responds even more impertinently that she aims to find a lover and free herself from the yoke of religious life during the Carnival. In Naples, Carnival time provides an outlet for repressed upper classes to wear masks and wander the streets flirting (and more) with other masked people. Social strata fade away, and nearly everyone can be found on the streets drinking and cavorting. Hellena intends to use this opportunity to avoid being recognized on the streets as the young noblewoman who intended for a religious life, and to find someone to help her explore her desires and hopefully aid her in escaping the nunnery entirely. The conversation reveals that Florinda is in love with a young English colonel, Don Belvile. Florinda...

(The entire section is 2,058 words.)