What are some character traits of Romeo and Juliet?

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In the beginning of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, Romeo is very lovesick.  He's been chasing a girl named Rosaline, with whom he's pretty infatuated, and she has, apparently, been spurning his advances.  He is also pretty lusty.  When Romeo meets Juliet, however, he does seem very sincere.  In fact, before Tybalt kills Mercutio, Romeo was willing to let Tybalt kill him because he doesn't want to harm his wife Juliet's family.  Romeo's love for Juliet is in earnest, we can assume, or else he would not be willing to sacrifice his life in this exchange.

Juliet is somewhat more cautious when she and Romeo first meet.  She is flattered by his compliments, but she wants to proceed more slowly than he does in the beginning.  Although some may characterize her later actions as impulsive and unwise, I would classify Juliet as brave and strong.  At not quite fourteen years old, she is willing to drink the potion that will make her appear dead, have her body placed in her family's crypt, and await Romeo so they can run away together.  This would be pretty terrifying!  Although it doesn't work out, obviously, Juliet's bravery gave her and Romeo their best shot at being together. 

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The first trait Juliet shows is that she is extremely sheltered. Consider where we first meet her: in her room (conversely, the first time we meet Romeo is on a street).

She is also inexperienced in romantic relationships. While her age is a good indication of that, we can also take the balcony scene as proof of this. Take this exchange:

Thou know'st the mask of night is on my face,

Else would a maiden blush bepaint my cheek

For that which thou hast heard me speak to-night

Fain would I dwell on form, fain, fain deny

What I have spoke: but farewell compliment!

Dost thou love me? I know thou wilt say 'Ay,

'And I will take thy word: yet if thou swear'st

Thou mayst prove false; at lovers' perjuries

Then say, Jove laughs. O gentle Romeo,

If thou dost love, pronounce it faithfully:

Or if thou think'st I am too quickly won,

I'll frown and be perverse an say thee nay,

So thou wilt woo...

She is so uncertain of how to act in this situation, and so she gives Romeo a few options of how she should act. Her insecurity in this shows us a lack of confidence from which he can infer her lack of experience in this sort of situation.

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What are some character traits of some of the main characters in Romeo and Juliet? Why?

Romeo is impetuous, changeable, desire. He has some restraint, and some judgment—he doesn't start a fight in the Capulet party, or let himself get drawn into one—but mostly he's girl-crazy, and he finds his last love in Juliet. Juliet wants to be a good and dutiful daughter—she tries to find ways to make the planned marriage to Paris work for her—but her ability to cut to the heart of things and see the potential for love in Romeo are what govern her.

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work for her—but her ability to cut to the heart of things and see the potential for love in Romeo are what govern her. Tybalt is fiery. He is anger and violence in action. Mercutio is good with words. He likes to make jokes, and to smooth things over with words when he can. He has a naughty side. For more on these characters, and the others, see that section of the enotes study guide on the play.

As far as why, they have these characteristics to set the play in motion, to make sure dramatic results happen, and to add tension.

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What are some of Romeo's and Juliet's traits in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet?

One of Juliet's traits is stubbornness, which is especially seen in her desires to know her own mind and do her own will. We even see her stubbornness in the very first scene in which we meet her. Due to the time period, it is Juliet's responsibility to play the role of a dutiful daughter to both her parents, willing to do their bidding. In Act 1, Scene 3, we actually see that Juliet feels conflicted between her role as a daughter and her role to herself. When Juliet's mother asks Juliet to pay attention to Paris at the ball that night to see if she can like him, we especially see Juliet's budding stubbornness and her conflict between duty and self in her response:

I'll look to like, if looking liking move;But no more deep will I endart mine eyeThan your consent gives strength to make it fly. (I.iii.101-03)

In these lines, Juliet is playing the role of a dutiful daughter by saying "yes" to her mother, but just barely. Her "yes" is canvased in an "if" clause. In other words, she's saying, "yes," she'll look to see if she can like him, but only if looking at someone can really determine whether or not you can like that person. One of Romeo's traits is that he is a bit irrational and emotionally driven. We especially see his irrationalism in the very first scene. When he moans to Benvolio about his heartache over Rosaline's rejection, and Benvolio begs him to listen to his council and forget about Rosaline, Romeo's only response is, "O, teach me how I should forget to think!" (I.i.228). This is a very irrational and emotionally driven response. A wiser man than Romeo, like Benvolio, would understand that being rejected is not the end of the world, that allowing himself to continue to feel brokenhearted is unhealthy, and that it's time to move on. Hence we see that one of Romeo's traits is irrationalism as well as emotionalism.

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