Why is Tybalt looking for Romeo?

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The reason Tybalt is looking for Romeo is because Romeo had made an appearance at a Capulet party in act 1. This infuriated Tybalt because his family and Romeo's family have a long-standing grudge. Tybalt thus makes it his mission to avenge the "injuries" which he believes Romeo has inflicted by his unwanted appearance at a Capulet gathering.

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Tybalt has been looking for Romeo ever since he discovered Romeo had attended Capulet's party. Indeed, his enmity against the Montagues is so great that, upon learning of Romeo's presence in the party, he had wanted to kill him even then, even in full view of Capulet's guests.

In this, Tybalt, more than anyone else in the two families, incarnates the feud between the Montagues and the Capulets and the hatred that drives it. You can see this even in his introduction in act 1, scene 1, with his insistence on dueling Benvolio. He hates the Montagues intensely, to such a degree that his entire characterization in the play seems predicated upon that fierce all-consuming hatred he holds for their family, and upon discovering Romeo's intrusion into the Capulet party, he seems to have fixated that intensity of loathing upon Romeo himself. He takes Romeo's presence as an insult, and that insult is made all the worse by his inability to kill Romeo right then and there. Thus, he becomes fixated on dueling Romeo and avenging this slight.

Things come to a head in act 3, scene 1, where Tybalt encounters Mercutio, Benvolio, and Romeo, demanding his duel with Romeo. When Romeo attempts to avoid bloodshed, Mercutio duels Tybalt instead and is killed by Tybalt. With Romeo enraged by the death of his friend, Tybalt finally has his duel and is killed as a result.

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Romeo is a Montague, and Tybalt is a Capulet. Early in the play, the audience learns that these two families have a long-standing and bloody feud; much tension and conflict is generated from this "ancient grudge."

Romeo is fairly drug to a party which Lord Capulet is hosting; his friends are attempting to get him to think of something else besides Rosaline, who has recently rejected him. Once he arrives at the party, Tybalt spots him and is filled with rage that Romeo would have the audacity to show his face at a Capulet gathering.

Lord Capulet himself isn't nearly as bothered by Romeo's appearance. In fact, he tells Tybalt that Romeo seems like a "gentleman" and that "Verona brags of him / To be a virtuous and well-governed youth." He instructs Tybalt to be a gracious member of the Capulet family and to entertain their guests, avoiding a scene over a young man who isn't causing any trouble. Tybalt isn't so easily swayed. Viewing Romeo as a "villain," he swears that he will "not endure him."

Tybalt complies with Lord Capulet's request at the party itself, but he is determined to have his revenge for this unwanted intrusion—and as soon as possible. Thus, he finds Romeo in act 3, scene 1, and Tybalt's first words to Romeo again refer to him as a "villain." Tybalt believes that Romeo has inflicted "injuries" upon him and the Capulet family, and he will not be deterred in his quest for revenge.

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Short Answer: Tybalt is looking for Romeo to get revenge on him for attending Lord Capulet's party without being invited.

In act 1, scene 5, Romeo, Benvolio, and Mercutio attend Lord Capulet's ball disguised in masks like the other guests in attendance. When Romeo initially sees Juliet for the first time, he is overcome with emotion and gives a moving speech highlighting Juliet's physical attributes. Tybalt recognizes Romeo's voice and threatens to kill him:

This, by his voice, should be a Montague.— (to his PAGE) Fetch me my rapier, boy.—What, dares the slave Come hither, covered with an antic face, To fleer and scorn at our solemnity? Now, by the stock and honor of my kin, To strike him dead I hold it not a sin (Shakespeare, 1.5.52-58).

Tybalt is a Capulet, which means that he is sworn enemies with any member of the Montague family. Because Romeo is a Montague attending a Capulet party without invitation, Tybalt immediately takes offense and believes that Romeo is there to "fleer and scorn" their celebration. Fortunately, Lord Capulet intervenes and prevents Tybalt from attacking Romeo at the party. Later on, Tybalt searches the streets of Verona for Romeo and attempts to fight him for attending Lord Capulet's party.

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In Act III, Scene 1 of Romeo and Juliet, Tybalt is looking for Romeo to fight him for attending the Capulet ball uninvited.  Because the Capulets and Montagues are in a family feud, Romeo “crashing” the party is disrespectful and forbidden.  When Tybalt sees Romeo on the street, he calls him out as being a “villain.” Little does Tybalt know that Romeo has already married Juliet, and they are now relatives.  Because of this, Romeo doesn’t want to fight Tybalt, but he can’t tell him why.  Mercutio, a hotheaded friend of Romeo’s, says he will fight Tybalt.  They start to sword fight, and when Romeo attempts to break up the fight, Tybalt stabs Mercutio.  Tybalt and his men run off, but come back still enraged at Romeo. Because Romeo has just lost his best friend, he fights and kills Tybalt.  Now, Romeo has killed a relative by marriage and must flee Verona.

This scene is just another episode that seals Romeo and Juliet’s fate of bad luck keeping them from ever getting together.

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Tybalt is looking for Romeo because he had challenged Romeo to a duel in revenge for Romeo’s appearing at the Capulet’s ball at the beginning of the play.  This is the ball where Romeo meets Juliet.

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In Act II, Scene 4, Tybalt is looking for Romeo as he wants to challenge him to a duel. Tybalt has vowed to seek revenge on Romeo for coming to a Capulet party without being invited.

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Why is Tybalt seeking a fight with Romeo in Romeo and Juliet?

William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet opens with an image of feuding violence.  In the prologue, the Chorus proclaims, “Two households, both alike in dignity / (In fair Verona, where we lay our scene), / From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, / Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.”  The Chorus introduces the ongoing hostility between the Montagues and Capulets, a rivalry that is “ancient.”  Therefore, before the play even begins, the audience is aware of the enmity between the two families, so it is not surprising for Tybalt, a Capulet, to want to fight Romeo, a Montague.   

The reasons for the feud between Tybalt and Romeo arrive early in Act 1 Scene 1, where Tybalt enters and refers to the servants of the Montague house as “heartless hinds,” an alliteration that means the servants are worthless.  When prompted to put down his sword, Tybalt states, “What, drawn, and talk of peace? I hate the word, / As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee” (I. i. 60-61).  In a simile that compares his hatred of peace to his hatred of hell, Tybalt reveals the deep-rooted anger he has toward members of the Montague house.  Further, his persistence to still fight despite being presented with a peace accord shows that Tybalt blindly follows the traditions of his ancestors, a point that gains more significance at the conclusion of the play when Romeo and Juliet die as a result of their families’ long-standing feud.

Then, in Act 1 Scene 5, Tybalt becomes angered at Romeo’s presence at the Capulet ball.  Tybalt delivers the following lines to his uncle:   

This, by his voice, should be a Montague.—

(to his PAGE) Fetch me my rapier, boy.—

What, dares the slave

Come hither, covered with an antic face,

To fleer and scorn at our solemnity?

Now, by the stock and honor of my kin,

To strike him dead I hold it not a sin (I. iv. 52-58)

Again indoctrinated with the ancient feud of his ancestors, Tybalt is furious that Romeo has come to the party and he professes that it is not a crime to kill him.  Tybalt repeatedly refers to Romeo as a “villain” and boils with anger.  However, Capulet, Tybalt’s uncle, orders Tybalt to leave Romeo alone and to not start a fight.  Tybalt states, “Patience perforce with willful choler meeting / Makes my flesh tremble in their different greeting. / I will withdraw, but his intrusion shall / Now seeming sweet, convert to bitterest gall” (I. iv. 88-91).  Tybalt agrees to let Romeo attend the banquet without any conflict, but promises to exact revenge on him at a later time.  Thus, he tries to fight Romeo in Act 3, Scene 1, where the pair finally engage in a duel and Tybalt dies.

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Why is Tybalt seeking a fight with Romeo in Romeo and Juliet?

Tybalt is seeking a fight with Romeo because he is a Montague and came to Juliet’s ball.

As we learned in the prologue, there is a long-running feud between the Montagues and the Capulets.  Tybalt, who Lord Capulet describes as “saucy,” has a fiery temper.  He takes the feud very seriously.  He is not willing to forgive Romeo’s appearance at the ball, even though Capulet says that he has a good reputation.  He tells Tybalt not to fight Romeo because it will upset the guests.

Tybalt doesn’t fight Romeo at the ball, not wanting to make his uncle angrier at him.  However, it is clear that he is not done with Romeo.

TYBALT

Patience perforce with wilful choler meeting
Makes my flesh tremble in their different greeting.
I will withdraw: but this intrusion shall
Now seeming sweet convert to bitter gall. (Act 1, Scene 5) 

Later, Tybalt finds Romeo in the street.  He is with Benvolio and Mercutio.  Romeo is in love with Juliet, and secretly married to her.  He also just doesn’t like fighting in general.  He was sad when he saw the aftermath of the brawl in the marketplace.  For these reasons, he is not willing to fight Tybalt. 

TYBALT

Romeo, the hate I bear thee can afford
No better term than this,--thou art a villain.

ROMEO

Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee
Doth much excuse the appertaining rage
To such a greeting: villain am I none;
Therefore farewell; I see thou know'st me not. (Act 3, Scene 1) 

Romeo’s reaction to Tybalt’s attack demonstrates that he is not in feud-mindset.  Tybalt doesn’t know that he married Juliet.  It would probably only make him angrier.  Tybalt wants to fight Romeo, but Romeo won’t fight back, so Mercutio intervenes.  Mercutio is accidentally killed, and Romeo ends up fighting Tybalt after all.  It is his responsibility to avenge his friend’s death.  Romeo kills Tybalt and is banished.

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