What are the reasons why Tybalt hates Romeo in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet?

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Tybalt's hatred towards Romeo stems from the longstanding feud between their opposing families. Tybalt is Juliet's cousin and a proud Capulet while Romeo is a Montague. The Capulet and Montague families have be engaged in a longstanding feud, which has caused conflict throughout Verona. Tybalt is depicted as a hot-headed, vengeful individual, who displays his violent temper and hatred towards all Montagues in the opening scene of the play when he draws his sword on Benvolio, who is simply attempting to end the conflict.

In addition to the fact that Romeo is a much-hated Montague, Tybalt recognizes Romeo's voice during his uncle's ball and is greatly offended that Romeo would sneak into his uncle's home. Lord Capulet prevents Tybalt from confronting Romeo during the ball but Tybalt ends up challenging Romeo to a duel in act 3, scene 1. Tragically, Mercutio stands up for Romeo and Tybalt manages to kill him while Romeo is inbetween them. Following Mercutio's death, Romeo gets revenge by killing Tybalt, which leads to his exile. Overall, Tybalt hates Romeo because he is a Montague and a sworn enemy, who attended his uncle's ball without permission.

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Tybalt is a Capulet and the cousin of Juliet in Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet. Romeo is a Montague and, for a reason never given, the two families are embroiled in a bitter feud which often spills over into the streets of Verona. In Act I, Scene 1, Tybalt expresses his hatred for the Montagues when he confronts Romeo's cousin Benvolio after a disagreement among Montague and Capulet servants. Tybalt says,

What, drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word
As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee.
Have at thee, coward!
At Capulet's party later in Act I, Tybalt overhears Romeo speaking. Romeo, Benvolio and Mercutio have crashed the party and are wearing masks to hide their identities. Tybalt is enraged that a Montague would have the temerity to intrude on a gathering held by their enemy. Tybalt intends to confront Romeo when Capulet, who doesn't want his party spoiled, stops him. Tybalt is not to be put off and vows to get revenge. He says in Act I, Scene 5,
Patience perforce with willful choler meeting
Makes my flesh tremble in their different greeting.
I will withdraw, but this intrusion shall,
Now seeming sweet, convert to bitt’rest gall.
Tybalt sends a letter to Romeo challenging him. When they meet, in Act III, Scene 1, Tybalt is ready to fight. He says,
Romeo, the love I bear thee can afford
No better term than this: thou art a villain.
In a case of dramatic irony, Tybalt doesn't know that Romeo has, a few hours earlier, married Juliet and is know his in-law. Romeo tries to avoid the fight by telling Tybalt he actually loves him. Romeo says,
I do protest I never injured thee
But love thee better than thou canst devise
Till thou shalt know the reason of my love.
And so, good Capulet, which name I tender
As dearly as mine own, be satisfied.
Mercutio, who also doesn't know Romeo's motives, hates that his friend has backed down and he fights Tybalt in his place. When Romeo tries to break up the fight, Mercutio is stabbed and dies. Romeo then becomes "fortune's fool" and seeks revenge. He kills Tybalt, and the remainder of the play plunges Romeo and Juliet toward their final tragedy

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