What line from acts 1-3 of Romeo and Juliet demonstrates personification?

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In Romeo and Juliet, there are examples of personification throughout the play. For example, in act 2, scene 2, Romeo personifies the moon, in act 2, scene 3, Friar Laurence personifies the morning and the night, and in act 3, scene 3, Romeo personifies exile and death.

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Shakespeare makes extensive use of personification in his writing, a literary device in which human qualities or characteristics are attributed to a nonhuman thing, and there are many examples of it in Romeo and Juliet. Even just looking at the concept of love, we see numerous instances in the first three acts of the play in which Shakespeare personifies this abstract idea to show its importance to the story.

Benvolio and Mercutio often banter with Romeo about the nature of love, using personification to show love as something with its own desires and action:

BENVOLIO. Alas, that love, so gentle in his view,

Should be so tyrannous and rough in proof!

ROMEO. Alas, that love, whose view is muffled still,

Should, without eyes, see pathways to his will!

Love is described as being tyrannous and rough, both human qualities, despite being gentle in appearance. Romeo laments that though love is "blind", it is still able to control and guide the lover's actions.

Mercutio uses Romeo's own personification of love to tell him how to fight back against its "tyrannous" nature:

ROMEO. Is love a tender thing? it is too rough,

Too rude, too boisterous, and it pricks like thorn.

MERCUTIO. If love be rough with you, be rough with love;

Prick love for pricking, and you beat love down.

Mercutio compares love to someone physically fighting with Romeo. He encourages Romeo to fight back and duel with love as he might with a man.

Mercutio seems to have a poor opinion of love in general, as he also later personifies Romeo's love as a wandering idiot:

For this drivelling love is like a great natural,

That runs lolling up and down to hide his bauble in a hole.

Romeo's love was like a fool wandering around looking for somewhere to hide a toy. It was meandering, useless, and childish.

At the end of the balcony scene, as Romeo is leaving, he personifies love to express his sadness in parting from Juliet:

Love goes toward love, as schoolboys from their books,

But love from love, toward school with heavy looks.

Love is here personified as a schoolboy who happily runs towards its beloved as a schoolboy would run from the books he hates to study, and who grudgingly must leave the beloved as a schoolboy must cease his playing and return to school.

The ways in which characters personify love throughout the play shows their own relationship to the concept, and these relationships help Shakespeare develop love as a central theme of the story.

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In act 2, scene 2, Romeo is looking lovingly up at Juliet, who has just appeared at her bedroom window. After he compares Juliet to the sun (because of her radiant beauty) Romeo says that the sun should "kill the envious moon, / Who is already sick and pale with grief." In this quotation, Romeo is personifying the moon, attributing to it the human emotions of envy and grief. Romeo's meaning is that the light of the moon pales into insignificance compared to the light of the sun (and thus the beauty of Juliet) and is sick with envy for the brighter light of the sun.

In act 2, scene 3, we meet Friar Laurence, who is up at the break of dawn to tend to his plants. To let the audience know what time of day it is, Friar Laurence says, "The grey-eyed morn smiles on the frowning night." The morning is here personified as Friar Laurence says that it has eyes and "smiles", and the evening is also personified because Friar Laurence says that it is "frowning." The morning is smiling because it is about to replace the evening, and the evening is "frowning" because it is being replaced.

In act 3, scene 3, Romeo is complaining about his exile, which has been ordered because he killed Tybalt. Romeo says that "exile hath more terror in his look, / Much more than death." Here, Romeo personifies both exile and death because he says that both have a "look," implying that both have eyes to look with. Romeo is saying here that exile is worse than death because in exile he will be aware of being away from Juliet, whereas in death he would at least not be aware of this. This is why, for him, there is a greater "terror" in exile than in death.

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Personification is not only demonstrated when an animal is given human characteristics, but also when inanimate objects receive them, too. The following are some examples with explanations of how Shakespeare creates personification. In this first example, Lord Capulet speaks with Paris about when to allow Juliet to marry.

"Let two more summers wither in their pride

Ere we may think her ripe to be a bride" (I.ii.10-11).

The main demonstration of personification is when Capulet alludes to the fact that summertime, a season, has pride. Pride is an emotion known only to humans. 

Next, Romeo uses personification when he is encouraging Juliet to kiss him.

"My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand

To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss" (I.v.92-93).

The above quote shows Romeo comparing his lips to two blushing pilgrims who are ready to kiss her. The lips, therefore, although part of the human body, are given the ability to blush as people do. Also, mentioning pilgrims means that they (his lips) are searching for something sacred, which are again human qualities. 

One more example of personification is when Juliet awaits her newly married husband to her chamber. As she thinks about him finding his way to her in the night, she says the following:

"Come, civil night,

Thou sober-suited matron all in black" (III.ii.10-11).

Juliet refers to the night as "civil," which is a human quality. Then, the night is also a "sober-suited matron," or a cautious and careful woman. All of these examples help the reader or audience to apply mental imagery to their other senses or ideas suggested by the author. Readers or audience members gain deeper insight to the movements, feelings, or personalities of the characters towards a deeper understanding through this device. 

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Personification is when an animal or object is given human characteristics. So when any non-human thing does something that a human would do, it is being personified. A simple example is "the wind whispered." Whispering is something that a human does, not the wind. The wind has been personified here.

Examples of personification from Act 1 of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet:

"Ay me! sad hours seem long."  (Being sad is a human characteristic, but it is being attributed to hours here; hours are personified.)

"These happy masks that kiss fair ladies’ brows." (Same thing here, masks are personified.)

"And more inconstant than the wind, who wooes Even now the frozen bosom of the north, And, being anger’d, puffs away from thence." (Humans woo, are angered and puff; wind is personified here.)

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From the balcony scene:Act I, scene ii


But soft! what light through yonder window breaks?
It is the east, and Juliet is the sun!--
Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,
Who is already sick and pale with grief,

 R&J is filled with personification.  Hope this helps.  Brenda

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