Budd, Michael. "Contradictions of Expressionism in The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari." Indiana Social Studies Quarterly XXXIV, No. 2 (Autumn 1981): 19-25.
Argues that The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari exemplifies the characteristic contradictions within German Expressionist works between nineteenth- and twentieth-century themes and aesthetic forms.
___. "Modernism and the Representation of Fantasy: Cubism and Expressionism in The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari." In Forms of the Fantastic: Selected Essays from the Third International Conference on the Fantastic in Literature, edited by Jan Hokenson and Howard Pearce, pp. 15-21. New York:...
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