Robert Falcon Scott’s early education was acquired at Stoke Damerel and Stubbington House, Fareham; at twelve years of age he entered service on HMS Britannia, and in 1882 he became a midshipman. He served on various ships, rising steadily in rank, and was promoted to first lieutenant in 1897. In 1899 he was offered, and accepted, the command of the National Antarctic Expedition. The party, consisting mostly of naval personnel but sailing under the merchant flag, embarked aboard the ship Discovery in 1901. They explored the Antarctic ice barrier, discovered King Edward VII Land, and established a camp in McMurdo Sound that remained the expedition base for approximately two years. Various scientific activities were carried out during this period, and Scott made two notable sledge journeys southward into the interior of the continent.
On his return from Antarctica in 1904 Scott was promoted to captain; his achievements were acclaimed, and publication of his journal in two volumes the following year assured his international reputation. In 1909 he was appointed naval assistant to the second sea lord of the Admiralty. At this time he was engaged in planning a second Antarctic expedition, which tried to reach the South Pole.
His party sailed aboard the Terra Nova in June, 1910, and upon arrival at McMurdo Sound a number of supply depots were established along the overland route Scott planned to follow. A similar...
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