"The Pen Is Mightier Than The Sword"
Context: In Act II, Cardinal Richelieu, in his palace, is getting a report about plots against him from the Capuchin monk Joseph, his confidant. In his anger, the Cardinal seizes a long two-handed sword that he had once used against the English, but which is now too heavy for him to swing. His page boy François, reminds him that he now has at his command other weapons. Going to his writing desk, the Cardinal makes the statement that has served as topic for so many school debates:
RICHELIEUBeneath the rule of men entirely greatThe pen is mightier than the sword. BeholdThe arch-enchanter's wand!–itself a nothing!By taking sorcery from the master handTo paralyze the Caesars–and to strikeThe loud earth breathless! Take away the sword;States can be saved without it!