Richard Henry Dana, Jr. Biography


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Richard Henry Dana, Jr., was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on August 1, 1815, the son of Richard Henry Dana, critic and editor of the North American Review. The younger Dana enrolled at Harvard University in 1831, but bad health and failing eyesight caused him to resign. Instead of taking a pleasure trip to Europe, he sailed before the mast as a common sailor on the brig Pilgrim. This voyage around Cape Horn to California and Oregon furnished the material for his celebrated work, Two Years Before the Mast. Published in 1840, this book had a wide influence on other writers about the sea, and its realistic approach was much imitated. In this volume, Dana was successful in bringing to public attention the hardships of a sailor’s life. Today, the book is also valuable as a picture of life in California in the nineteenth century.

After returning home from his trip, Dana finished at Harvard in 1837 and entered the law school there. After graduation, he opened his law offices, specializing in maritime law. In 1841, he married Sarah “Sally” Watson and published The Seaman’s Friend, dealing with the responsibilities, duties, and legal rights of the sailor. As a manual, it was widely recognized and used both in the United States and in England. In 1859, after a short trip to Cuba, he published To Cuba and Back.

Interested in politics, Dana early joined the Free Soil movement. He was also an early...

(The entire section is 453 words.)