Reynolds Price was born during the Great Depression in the small town of Macon on the North Carolina side of the Virginia-North Carolina border. His birth was difficult and almost killed both him and his mother, Elizabeth Rodwell Price. Price’s father, William Solomon Price, a salesman with a taste for liquor, vowed that if his wife’s life was spared, he would stop drinking. After a prolonged labor, Reynolds, the first of the Prices’ two children, was born. Will, whose twenty-seven-year marriage to Elizabeth was happy and passionate, struggled to keep his vow.
A second son, William, was not born until eight years later, so Reynolds was raised as an only child for nearly a decade, doted on by a gallery of aunts and uncles, most of whom appear in one form or another in his writing. Money was tight, and the Prices moved from town to town. They lost their house when Will fell short of an overdue fifty-dollar mortgage payment.
Reynolds, having few playmates and being brought up among adults with the penchant for storytelling common to people from small southern towns, depended upon his imagination for company. Besides being good storytellers, Price’s relatives were readers, so, following their examples, he developed an early enthusiasm for books. He was a good enough listener that he learned early the rhythms, cadences, vocabulary, and syntax of southern speech, which he was later to reproduce authentically in his writing.
The adolescent Price wrote poetry as well as some plays. Reynolds grew close to his mother’s sister, Ida Drake, who was forty-six when he was born. Price’s early school experiences were positive. Jane Alston (called Miss Jennie) and Crichton Thorne Davis, his seventh-grade and eighth-grade teachers at the John Graham School in Warrenton, were exceptional motivators who recognized the young Price’s potential. The family moved to Raleigh when Reynolds entered high school. There Phyllis Peacock, head of the English department at Needham-Broughton Senior High School, a demanding taskmistress, taught Reynolds how to write prose.
Price entered Duke University as an English major in 1951, beginning an association that continued throughout his professional life. When, at the invitation of Professor William Blackburn, Eudora Welty came to Duke University early in the 1950’s to work with undergraduates interested in creative writing and to comment on some of their work, Price’s submission rose above the rest. A decade later, Price was back at Duke, having completed a residence at Merton College, Oxford University, which he had attended as a Rhodes scholar and from which he received a bachelor of letters degree in 1958. A fledgling assistant professor of English, he...
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Reynolds Price is more than merely the regional author that many people consider him to be. He is regional in the sense that William Faulkner was regional, but his concerns are also as broad as Faulkner’s were. Fate plays a strong role in Price’s work, and this fate is connected to heredity. Free will enables people to make choices, but in exercising their free will, Price’s characters often make the same choices their parents made; therefore, the results are almost identical. Hereditary determinism is stronger in Price’s work than in that of almost any other contemporary American author.
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The first child of William Solomon Price and Elizabeth Rodwell Price, Edward Reynolds Price was born February 1, 1933, at the Rodwell family homestead in Macon, North Carolina. When the doctor told Will that neither his wife nor his child was likely to survive, Will made a pledge to God: If their lives were spared, he would never drink again. He kept this difficult promise, which marked the beginning of a deep bond between Reynolds and his parents. Young Reynolds heard this story many times—as he heard the other oral memories of his large extended family—and has said that these tales were his introduction to the power of narrative.
During the Depression, Will Price worked as an appliance salesman, moving his family through a succession of small North Carolina towns. Although a brother was born when Reynolds was eight, he was still essentially a solitary child, spending most of his free time reading, drawing, or playing alone in the woods. The family moved to Warrenton in 1944, where Reynolds met the farm children who served as prototypes for his early fiction. In 1947, Reynolds entered high school in Raleigh, where, during what he has called a miserable adolescence, he decided that writing would be his vocation.
In 1951, Price entered Duke University as an Angier Duke Scholar and studied English literature and history. Although he wrote relatively little fiction as an undergraduate, his story “Michael Egerton” was praised by visiting...
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