Nicolae Babuts (essay date 1981)
SOURCE: “Hugo's La fin de Satan: The Identity Shift,” in Symposium, Vol. 35, No. 2, Summer, 1981, pp. 91-101.
[In the following essay, Babuts analyzes Victor Hugo's imaginative identification with the demonic protagonist of his La fin de Satan.]
Many critics approach La Fin de Satan with the growing realization that there are striking similarities between Satan and the poet, and that the original aspects of the myth can be seen as a sublimation of Hugo's predicament in exile. Baudouin points out the kinship between “sa fille bien-aimée Léopoldine” and the angel Liberté.1 Reinforcing this point of view, Zumthor calls Léopoldine...
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