Representations of Africa in Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism: Northeast And Central Africa - Essay

Victor Kiernan (essay date 1969)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Kiernan, Victor. “Africa.” In The Lords of Human Kind: European Attitudes to Other Cultures in the Imperial Age, pp. 203-54. London: Serif, 1995.

[In the following excerpt from an essay first published in 1969, Kiernan discusses the views of noted nineteenth-century explorers who traveled to East Africa, including Sir Richard Burton, E. S. Grogan, David Livingstone, and John Speke, showing how these travelers imposed class and race divisions upon Africans; considered them to be childlike, savage, and lazy; and saw them as deserving of and needing Europeans to govern them.]


One of Burton's journeys, in...

(The entire section is 3741 words.)

Stephen Donovan (essay date 1999)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Donovan, Stephen. “In Darkest England and the Way Out: Imagining Empire, Imagining Britain.” Moderna Språk 93, no. 1 (1999): 12-23.

[In the following essay, Donovan discusses the English reception of Henry Morton Stanley's In Darkest Africa in 1890; examines the exposé of poverty in Britain that it inspired, William Thomas Stead's In Darkest England; and argues that the imperialist ideology was a result of the experiences, conflicts, and contradictions of capitalist Britain.]

… it is worth pausing to ask why small incidents in such an out of the way place as the trackless depths of a primeval forest should remind...

(The entire section is 5426 words.)