Representation of Immigrants in Literature Criticism: Immigrants In England - Essay

L. Perry Curtis, Jr. (essay date 1997)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Curtis, L. Perry, Jr. “Physiognomy: Ancient and Modern.” In Apes and Angels: The Irishman in Victorian Caricature, pp. 1-15. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997.

[In the following essay, Curtis discusses the role of physiognomy in shaping cultural beliefs about the Irish in Victorian England. Physiognomy was applied in nineteenth-century novels and graphic satire, and its semi-scientific nature appeared to lend credibility to English beliefs about the mental and moral inferiority of the Irish.]

In the year 1880 Gustave de Molinari (1819-1912), the Belgian political economist and radical essayist, published a series of epistolary articles on...

(The entire section is 7598 words.)

André Guillaume (essay date 1998)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Guillaume, André. “Jewish Immigrants in Mayhew's London.” Cahiers Victoriens et Edouardiens 48 (1998): 119-58.

[In the following essay, Guillaume discusses Henry Mayhew's observations about Jewish immigrants living in London, focusing on issues of labor and trade. Guillaume notes that Mayhew expressed sympathy for the poor “street Jews” in the lower classes and contempt for wealthy Jews whom he considered greedy and selfish.]

The “Condition of England Question”, the social disruption caused by accelerating urbanization and industrialization in Victorian Britain was a major theme of contemporary literature, with such famous novels as Dickens's...

(The entire section is 13991 words.)

John Slatter (essay date 1999)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Slatter, John. “Bears in the Lion's Den: The Figure of the Russian Revolutionary Emigrant in English Fiction, 1880-1914.” The Slavonic and East European Review 77, no. 1 (January 1999): 30-55.

[In the following essay, Slatter describes the various roles played by Russian immigrant characters in English fiction, including the oppressed victim, the ideologue, and the heroic adventurer.]

During the course of the nineteenth century, the century of revolutions, a succession of political events in continental Europe drove waves of revolutionary exiles to Britain, attracted by Britain's attitude of liberal tolerance and societal equanimity towards foreign...

(The entire section is 12020 words.)